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OBJECTIVE To study the after-effect of theta burst stimulation (TBS) over the left sensorimotor cortex on the size of somatosensory as well as motor evoked potentials evoked from both hemispheres in healthy human subjects. METHODS We used a continuous TBS paradigm for 40 s (600 pulses) in which a burst of 3 transcranial magnetic stimuli at 50 Hz is(More)
Writer's cramp, or focal hand dystonia, is characterized by involuntary coactivation of antagonist or unnecessary muscles while writing or performing other tasks. Although the mechanism underlying this muscle overactivation is unknown, recent studies of changes in cerebral blood flow during writing have demonstrated a reduction in the activation of the(More)
In this paper, we review the state-of-the-art technologies for driver inattention monitoring, which can be classified into the following two main categories: 1) distraction and 2) fatigue. Driver inattention is a major factor in most traffic accidents. Research and development has actively been carried out for decades, with the goal of precisely determining(More)
Magnetic fields evoked by taste stimuli of the human tongue were measured over the whole head using a helmet-shaped 64 channel magnetoencephalography system in five normal subjects. The stimuli were 10% glucose and 0.3 M NaCl solutions and distilled water. The most prominent peak (N175m) appearing over the bilateral hemispheres had a latency of 150-210 ms.(More)
OBJECTIVE A general lack of longitudinal studies on interhemispheric interactions following stroke led us to use transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) to examine changes in corticospinal/intracortical excitability and transcallosal inhibition over a 1-year period following subcortical stroke. METHODS We measured TMS parameters such as motor threshold(More)
We assessed the influence of aging on cardiac function by means of parameters measured by echocardiography. The study group consisted of 494 normal subjects aged 13 to 87 years. We measured the ratio of early filling (E) and atrial contraction (A) transmitral flow velocities (E/A) of left and right ventricular inflow (LV E/A and RV E/A) for assessment of(More)
The aminopeptidase P gene in Escherichia coli HB101 was cloned into the plasmid pBR322. Introduction of the hybrid plasmid, pAPP01, into the E. coli DH1 resulted in an 8-fold increase of aminopeptidase P activity as compared with that of the host. The enzyme was purified by series of chromatographies on DEAE-Sephadex, QAE-Sephadex, and hydroxyapatite. The(More)
BACKGROUND Hematuria can be classified as either glomerular or nonglomerular, depending on the bleeding source. We recently reported that urinary albumin-total protein ratio is potentially useful for identifying the source of hematuria. STUDY DESIGN Diagnostic test study. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS 579 fresh urine specimens with microhematuria (> or =5 red(More)
The relative position of the P50m and the N100m sources of the auditory evoked magnetic field remains unclear. Magnetoencephalography was performed in 24 normal subjects. Contralateral P50m to left and right ear stimulus was observed in 21 and 19hemispheres, respectively. Ipsilateral P50m to left and right ear stimulus was observed in 17 and 16hemispheres,(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the after-effects of theta burst TMS (TBS) on cortico-muscular synchronization, and on cortico-spinal excitability, in humans. METHODS We studied 10 healthy subjects using a continuous paradigm of TBS (cTBS), i.e. 600 pulses in 40s. Before and after the cTBS, coherence function was computed as a measure of cortico-muscular(More)