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Abstract In this study, we compare regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) while French monolingual subjects listen to continuous speech in an unknown language, to lists of French words, or to meaningful and distorted stories in French. Our results show that, in addition to regions devoted to single-word comprehension, processing of meaningful stories activates(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the after-effect of theta burst stimulation (TBS) over the left sensorimotor cortex on the size of somatosensory as well as motor evoked potentials evoked from both hemispheres in healthy human subjects. METHODS We used a continuous TBS paradigm for 40 s (600 pulses) in which a burst of 3 transcranial magnetic stimuli at 50 Hz is(More)
Writer's cramp, or focal hand dystonia, is characterized by involuntary coactivation of antagonist or unnecessary muscles while writing or performing other tasks. Although the mechanism underlying this muscle overactivation is unknown, recent studies of changes in cerebral blood flow during writing have demonstrated a reduction in the activation of the(More)
We investigated oscillatory interaction between magnetoencephalographic signals of the human motor cortex and surface electromyogram from the paraspinal (PS) and abdominal (ABD) muscles. The results were compared with data obtained during contraction of the first dorsal interosseus (FDI) and tibialis anterior (TA) muscles. Significant coherence at 15-35 Hz(More)
Magnetic fields evoked by taste stimuli of the human tongue were measured over the whole head using a helmet-shaped 64 channel magnetoencephalography system in five normal subjects. The stimuli were 10% glucose and 0.3 M NaCl solutions and distilled water. The most prominent peak (N175m) appearing over the bilateral hemispheres had a latency of 150-210 ms.(More)
—In this paper, we review the state-of-the-art technologies for driver inattention monitoring, which can be classified into the following two main categories: 1) distraction and 2) fatigue. Driver inattention is a major factor in most traffic accidents. Research and development has actively been carried out for decades, with the goal of precisely(More)
PURPOSE To determine the location of hand function in the sensorimotor cortex using MR and positron emission tomography imaging studies. METHODS Anatomic and physiological methods were used for this study. Anatomic study was based on the MR analysis of 22 subjects. The length of the sensorimotor cortex was measured in the axial and sagittal planes.(More)
OBJECTIVE A general lack of longitudinal studies on interhemispheric interactions following stroke led us to use transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) to examine changes in corticospinal/intracortical excitability and transcallosal inhibition over a 1-year period following subcortical stroke. METHODS We measured TMS parameters such as motor threshold(More)
Early components of the somatosensory potential (SEP) evoked by tactile stimulation of the tongue were recorded from the scalp in 7 normal subjects and compared with those resulting from taps on the middle finger. (1) Unipolar but not bipolar recording of SEP to tapping the tongue failed to differentiate the early components from large EEG deflections of(More)
The responses of 84 taste neurons to stimulation of the oral cavity in rats were examined; most taste neurons were found in either a granular insular area (area GI; n = 55) or dysgranular insular area (DI; n = 25), and the others (n = 4) were in an agranular insular area (area AI). The fraction of neurons responding to only one of the four basic stimuli was(More)