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OBJECTIVE To study the after-effect of theta burst stimulation (TBS) over the left sensorimotor cortex on the size of somatosensory as well as motor evoked potentials evoked from both hemispheres in healthy human subjects. METHODS We used a continuous TBS paradigm for 40 s (600 pulses) in which a burst of 3 transcranial magnetic stimuli at 50 Hz is(More)
Writer's cramp, or focal hand dystonia, is characterized by involuntary coactivation of antagonist or unnecessary muscles while writing or performing other tasks. Although the mechanism underlying this muscle overactivation is unknown, recent studies of changes in cerebral blood flow during writing have demonstrated a reduction in the activation of the(More)
—In this paper, we review the state-of-the-art technologies for driver inattention monitoring, which can be classified into the following two main categories: 1) distraction and 2) fatigue. Driver inattention is a major factor in most traffic accidents. Research and development has actively been carried out for decades, with the goal of precisely(More)
OBJECTIVE A general lack of longitudinal studies on interhemispheric interactions following stroke led us to use transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) to examine changes in corticospinal/intracortical excitability and transcallosal inhibition over a 1-year period following subcortical stroke. METHODS We measured TMS parameters such as motor threshold(More)
Anatomically distributed areas are dynamically linked to form functional networks for processing and integrating the different modalities of information in the human brain. A part of such networks is considered to be realized with synchronization of neuronal activities, which can generate correlated neural oscillation at the same and/or different frequency(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the after-effects of theta burst TMS (TBS) on cortico-muscular synchronization, and on cortico-spinal excitability, in humans. METHODS We studied 10 healthy subjects using a continuous paradigm of TBS (cTBS), i.e. 600 pulses in 40s. Before and after the cTBS, coherence function was computed as a measure of cortico-muscular(More)
Molecular biology approaches have identified more than 70 different K+ channel genes that assemble to form diverse functional classes of K+ channels. Although functional K+ channels are present within presynaptic nerve endings, direct studies of their precise identity and function have been generally limited to large, specialized presynaptic terminals such(More)
To study the effects of external visual stimulation on motor cortex-muscle synchronization, coherence between electroencephalography (EEG) and electromyography (EMG) was measured in normal subjects under Before, Task (visual task: Ignore or Count, or arithmetic task) and After conditions. The control (Before and After) conditions required the subject to(More)