Nobuhito Ohte

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  • Wei Wei, Kazuo Isobe, +6 authors Keishi Senoo
  • The ISME journal
  • 2015
Denitrification is an important process in the global nitrogen cycle. The genes encoding NirK and NirS (nirK and nirS), which catalyze the reduction of nitrite to nitric oxide, have been used as marker genes to study the ecological behavior of denitrifiers in environments. However, conventional polymerase chain reaction (PCR) primers can only detect a(More)
Denitrification activity and bacterial community constituents were investigated in both well-drained and poorly drained soils of a temperate forest in central Japan by (15)N tracer experiments and a cloning-sequencing approach. Denitrification activity was much higher in wet soil than in dry soil, based on (15)N(15)N ((30)N(2)) and (15)N(15)NO ((46)N(2)O)(More)
The stable isotopic composition of dissolved inorganic carbon (υ13C-DIC) was investigated as a potential tracer of streamflow generation processes at the Sleepers River Research Watershed, Vermont, USA. Downstream sampling showed υ13C-DIC increased between 3–5‰ from the stream source to the outlet weir approximately 0Ð5 km downstream, concomitant with(More)
Radionuclides, including (137)Cs, were released from the disabled Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant and had been deposited broadly over forested areas of north-eastern Honshu Island, Japan. In the forest, (137)Cs was highly concentrated on leaf litters deposited in autumn 2010, before the accident. Monitoring of the distribution of (137)Cs among(More)
Nematomorph parasites manipulate crickets to enter streams where the parasites reproduce. These manipulated crickets become a substantial food subsidy for stream fishes. We used a field experiment to investigate how this subsidy affects the stream community and ecosystem function. When crickets were available, predatory fish ate fewer benthic invertebrates.(More)
Although Artemisia ordosica Krasch. and Sabina vulgaris Ant. are the dominant shrub species in the Mu-us desert ecosystem, they differ in their botanical traits. We investigated the spatial patterns of soil properties using geostatistical analysis to examine the effect of plant species on these spatial patterns. Comparison among three microsite types (under(More)
Since the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant accident in March 2011, large areas of the forests around Fukushima have become highly contaminated by radioactive nuclides. To predict the future dynamics of radioactive cesium ((137)Cs) in the forest catchment, it is important to measure each component of its movement within the forest. Two years after the(More)
Evaluation of the openness of the nitrogen (N) cycle in forest ecosystems is important in efforts to improve forest management because the N supply often limits primary production. The use of the oxygen isotope ratio (delta(18)O) of nitrate is a promising approach to determine how effectively atmospheric nitrate can be retained in a forest ecosystem. We(More)
RATIONALE Heavy nitrogen (N) deposition often causes high nitrate (NO3(-)) accumulation in soils in temperate forested ecosystems. To clarify the sources and production pathways of this NO3(-), we investigated NO3(-) isotope signatures in deposition processes along the canopy-soil continuum of a suburban forest in Japan. METHODS The stable isotopes of N(More)
Here we review research on the links between hydrological processes and the biogeochemical environment controlling the dynamics of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) and dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC) in temperate forested catchments. In addition, we present the results of original experiments. The spatial and temporal changes in DIC and DOC concentrations(More)