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The p16INK4a cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor is implicated in replicative senescence, the state of permanent growth arrest provoked by cumulative cell divisions or as a response to constitutive Ras-Raf-MEK signalling in somatic cells. Some contribution to senescence presumably underlies the importance of p16INK4a as a tumour suppressor but the mechanisms(More)
The p16(INK4a) tumor suppressor inhibits cyclin-dependent kinases (CDK4 and CDK6). Here we report the isolation of a novel gene, SEI-1, whose product (p34(SEI-1)) appears to antagonize the function of p16(INK4a). Addition of p34(SEI-1) to cyclin D1-CDK4 renders the complex resistant to inhibition by p16(INK4a). Expression of SEI-1 is rapidly induced on(More)
BACKGROUND Aberrant methylation of CpG islands in the promoter regions of cancer-related genes has been demonstrated in many human tumours. However, the methylation profile of these regions in cutaneous squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs) has not been well studied. OBJECTIVES To examine epigenetic abnormalities of a wide range of cancer-related genes in SCCs.(More)
BACKGROUND The matrix metalloproteinases (MMP)-2 and MMP-9 are known to degrade the extra-cellular matrix (ECM) and to be involved in the invasion and metastasis of cancer cells. In order to establish the clinical significance of the determination of serum MMP-2 levels for prostate cancer (PCa), we determined serum levels of MMP-2 and PSA in patients with(More)
We previously reported cases of advanced prostate cancer (PCa) in which serum alpha2-macroglobulin (alpha2M) levels were markedly decreased to less than approximately 50 mg/dl whereas serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels were remarkably increased. These cases were not complicated with disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC). In this study, we(More)
BACKGROUND In prostate cancer, we previously reported that a marked decrease of serum alpha 2 macroglobulin (alpha 2M) to less than approximately 50 mg/dl was associated with the presence of bone metastases. In order to investigate the relationship between bone metastases and alpha 2M, we assessed these two parameters in 128 patients with prostatic(More)
  • N Ohtani
  • 1996
In order to develop a non-invasive monitor of cerebral blood flow during aortic arch surgery, reliability of the laser Doppler flowmetry of the bulbar conjunctiva was evaluated. The blood flow of the bulbar conjunctiva may represent the cerebral blood flow because the ophthalmic artery originating from the internal carotid artery supplies the blood to the(More)
A 75-year-old female, exhibiting epigastric pain and vomiting, underwent treatment for acute gastritis. She also experienced incontinence of urine and chest pain. A diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction was made upon examination of electrocardiographic findings and the patient was transferred to our hospital. Diffuse infarction of the left ventricle and(More)
The current standard treatment of mediastinitis following median sternotomy is radical sternal curettage and plugging of the anterior mediastinal dead space with muscle flap or omentum. This paper will report our experience with a pediculated flap of the rectus muscle after mediastinal irrigation and drainage. The patient was a 75-year-old man diagnosed as(More)