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Neuropsychological data in humans demonstrated a pivotal role of the medial temporal lobe, including the hippocampal formation (HF) and the parahippocampal gyrus (PH), in allocentric (environment-centered) spatial learning and memory. In the present study, the functional significance of the monkey HF and PH neurons in allocentric spatial processing was(More)
BACKGROUND We report a newly designed training card (Microvascular Practice Card) that is a non-animal practice tool for surgical training and practicing the skills for microvascular anastomosis techniques. METHODS The Microvascular Practice Card is a pocketbook-sized card that has silicone tubes affixed to it. On the card, 6 small-diameter, 4-cm-long(More)
The hippocampal formation (HF) is hypothesized as a neuronal substrate of a cognitive map, which represents environmental spatial information by an ensemble of neural activity. However, the relationships between the hippocampal place cells and the cognitive map have not been clarified in monkeys. The present study was designed to investigate how activity(More)
A 62-year-old female complaining of sudden severe headache was referred to our stroke center in consultation. Computed tomography showed diffuse spread of thick subarachnoid hemorrhage to the basal cistern and both sylvian fissures, and digital subtraction angiography showed kissing aneurysms arising in the left lateral and occipital directions in the C(1)(More)
It is well known that Down's syndrome is sometimes associated with leukemia. However, there have been only a few case reports of a relationship between Down's syndrome and brain tumors. We report 2 cases with histological diagnoses of germinoma. The 1st case was a 10-year-old boy with Down's syndrome complaining of seizure and left hemiparesis. Computed(More)
Neuronavigation has become an effective therapeutic modality and is used routinely for intra-axial tumor removal. This retrospective study was conducted to evaluate the clinical impact of neuronavigation and image-guided extensive resection for adult patients with supratentorial malignant astrocytomas. Between 1990 and 2002, 76 adult patients with(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Abnormal ECG changes are frequently observed in patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Recently, evidence has been obtained that right insular cortex mediates sympathetic cardiovascular effects. We therefore assessed the laterality and location of SAH dominance in inducing cardiovascular changes as measured by ECG, blood(More)
Spinal intramedullary teratoma is a rare tumor. We report a case of intramedullary teratoma of the conus medullaris with spina bifida. A 5-year-old boy was admitted to our hospital for removal of a lumbosacral tumor sited in an intramedullary location at the conus medullaris, which was totally resected with neuroendoscopic assistance. The pathological(More)
We describe a higher magnifying power operating microscope system to improve one method of high-quality microsurgical clipping for cerebral aneurysm in some cases. This higher magnification is achieved by a new lens design in the optical system, which makes the image of the object very clear at high magnifications (distinctiveness of 7 μm). This(More)
Duplication of the middle cerebral artery is an anomalous vessel arising from the internal carotid artery. There have only been 14 reports of aneurysms arising from the origin of a duplication of the middle cerebral artery and 5 of these patients had multiple aneurysms. Aneurysms at this site have a high rupture rate compared to aneurysms in other locations(More)