Nobuhiro Tokunaga

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UNLABELLED Prevention of preterm delivery is one of the difficult problems facing obstetricians. beta Adrenergic agonists, especially ritodrine, are commonly used in these cases. OBJECTIVES The aim of this research was to study and compare the effect of urinary trypsin inhibitor (UTI) which has anti-inflammatory anti-cytokine effects with ritodrine in(More)
BACKGROUND In spite of many reports, it remains unclear whether the presence of tumor cells in circulating blood flow predicts a poor prognosis. METHODS Competitive seminested reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), a technique for the quantitative detection of tumor cells, was applied to detect the presence of tumor cells in portal and(More)
To evaluate the effect of cold-induced stress on renal and hepatic blood flow and coagulation parameters, rabbits' soles were exposed to ice pad (0 degrees C). Renal and hepatic blood flow was measured after 1 h and 15 days of cold stress. Coagulation parameters (0, 8th and 15th days of stress) and histological studies were performed. Renal and hepatic(More)
Although anemia is one of the signs of colorectal cancer, the relationships between histological findings and hematological findings other than hemoglobin level have not been adequately investigated. We investigated the relationship between hematological findings, serum iron, and histological findings in 358 patients (207 men and 157 women) with colorectal(More)
Whole-body positron emission tomography (WB PET) was performed preoperatively in 24 patients with primary colorectal cancer, and the results were compared with the histopathological findings. The PET positive rate was 95.8% (23/24 patients) for the primary tumor. Among nine patients with histologically confirmed lymph node metastasis, two (22.2%) were(More)
Cytomegalovirus infection of the gastrointestinal tract is a rare serious complication in patients with collagen diseases receiving immunosuppressive agents. We report 3 such cases diagnosed by endoscopy followed by proper treatment. The patients include 38 and 53 years old females with systemic lupus erythematosus. They presented epigastric pain after(More)
BACKGROUND Two types of end-to-end colorectal anastomosis using a circular stapler, circular stapled anastomosis(CSA) and double stapling anastomosis(DSA), have become the standard technique. The possibility of anastomotic openings of the DSA being smaller and somewhat distorted, because of some portion of the stapled rectal stump not being included in the(More)
Urinary trypsin inhibitor (UTI) and its precursor form inter-alpha trypsin inhibitor (ITI) are present in plasma. To determine the action of UTI on blood vessels, we performed isometric vascular muscle contraction tests, microcirculation studies and measurement of cytosolic free Ca2+ in vascular smooth muscle cells. An isometric vascular muscle contraction(More)
PURPOSE Submucosa-invasive colorectal carcinoma is a colorectal carcinoma extending only into the submucosal layer. To clarify the metastatic potential of submucosa-invasive colorectal carcinoma, we studied the relationship between the immunohistochemical staining pattern of carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) and that of lymphatic invasion/lymph node(More)
BACKGROUND The use of endoscopic dilation and a self-expandable stent for colorectal cancer (CRC) presenting with a stricture or obstruction, either prior to surgery or as a palliative measure (an alternative to colostomy), causes perforation with relative high incidence (1%-17%). OBJECTIVE To experimentally investigate risk factors associated with(More)