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Progressive inflammation in atherosclerotic plaques is associated with increasing risk of plaque rupture. Molecular imaging of activated macrophages with 2-deoxy-2-[(18)F]fluoro-D-glucose ([(18)F]FDG) has been proposed for identification of patients at higher risk for acute vascular events. Because mannose is an isomer of glucose that is taken up by(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effects of Kinesiotherapy on function and level of pressure of pelvic floor muscle and quality of life (QOL) of a group of women with urinary incontinence (UI). MATERIALS AND METHODS This is a randomized controlled pilot trial. Thirty women (age 60.87±9.05 years) were evaluated, before and after 12 weeks of treatment, for urinary(More)
OBJECTIVES This study evaluated the usefulness of fasting (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG)-positron emission tomography (PET) in the diagnosis and management of cardiac sarcoidosis (CS) and compared it with FDG uptake in dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). BACKGROUND Cardiac sarcoidosis may clinically present as DCM but is amenable to systemic corticosteroid(More)
OBJECTIVES We investigated whether simvastatin attenuates plaque inflammation by using 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (18FDG-PET) co-registered with computerized tomography. BACKGROUND Inflammation plays a key role in progression and destabilization of atherosclerotic plaque. 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose PET is a promising tool for(More)
OBJECTIVES We investigated factors for carotid artery inflammation by [(18)F]-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET). BACKGROUND Inflammation is present in some atherosclerotic plaques. The FDG-PET is capable of identifying and quantifying vascular inflammation within atherosclerotic plaques. METHODS The FDG-PET imaging was(More)
AIMS There is increasing evidence that (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG)-positron emission tomography (PET) imaging can be useful for non-invasive measurement of atherosclerotic plaque inflammation in humans. However, it is unknown how often atherosclerosis has inflammation in humans. Thus, we examined the prevalence of inflammation in documented carotid(More)
Inflammation is a determinant of atherosclerotic plaque rupture, the event leading to most myocardial infarctions and strokes. Although conventional imaging techniques identify the site and severity of luminal stenosis, the inflammatory status of the plaque is not addressed. Positron emission tomography imaging of atherosclerosis using the metabolic marker(More)
OBJECTIVES Technetium-99m-labeled matrix metalloproteinase inhibitor (MPI) was used for the noninvasive assessment of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) activity in atherosclerotic plaques after minocycline (MC) intervention. BACKGROUND MMP activity in atherosclerosis contributes to plaque instability. Some antimicrobial agents may attenuate MMP activity. (More)
Oxidative stress is implicated in the pathogenesis of various cardiovascular diseases. We have shown that in Wistar rats with a suprarenal aortic constriction (AC), pressure overload-induced transient perivascular inflammation (monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 [MCP-1] induction and macrophage accumulation) in the early phase is the determinant of reactive(More)
BACKGROUND Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) evoke oxidative stress generation and inflammatory reactions, thus being involved in vascular complications in diabetes. Since oxidative stress and inflammation impair insulin actions as well, it is conceivable that AGEs may play some role in insulin resistance. However, there is no clinical study to examine(More)