Nobuhiro Tahara

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OBJECTIVES We investigated whether simvastatin attenuates plaque inflammation by using 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (18FDG-PET) co-registered with computerized tomography. BACKGROUND Inflammation plays a key role in progression and destabilization of atherosclerotic plaque. 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose PET is a promising tool for(More)
OBJECTIVES We investigated factors for carotid artery inflammation by [(18)F]-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET). BACKGROUND Inflammation is present in some atherosclerotic plaques. The FDG-PET is capable of identifying and quantifying vascular inflammation within atherosclerotic plaques. METHODS The FDG-PET imaging was(More)
Inflammation is a determinant of atherosclerotic plaque rupture, the event leading to most myocardial infarctions and strokes. Although conventional imaging techniques identify the site and severity of luminal stenosis, the inflammatory status of the plaque is not addressed. Positron emission tomography imaging of atherosclerosis using the metabolic marker(More)
Progressive inflammation in atherosclerotic plaques is associated with increasing risk of plaque rupture. Molecular imaging of activated macrophages with 2-deoxy-2-[(18)F]fluoro-D-glucose ([(18)F]FDG) has been proposed for identification of patients at higher risk for acute vascular events. Because mannose is an isomer of glucose that is taken up by(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effects of Kinesiotherapy on function and level of pressure of pelvic floor muscle and quality of life (QOL) of a group of women with urinary incontinence (UI). MATERIALS AND METHODS This is a randomized controlled pilot trial. Thirty women (age 60.87±9.05 years) were evaluated, before and after 12 weeks of treatment, for urinary(More)
AIMS There is increasing evidence that (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG)-positron emission tomography (PET) imaging can be useful for non-invasive measurement of atherosclerotic plaque inflammation in humans. However, it is unknown how often atherosclerosis has inflammation in humans. Thus, we examined the prevalence of inflammation in documented carotid(More)
The roles of adventitial vasa vasorum have been highlighted in vascular wall homeostasis. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a potent angiogenic factor in physiological and pathophysiological conditions. However, little is known regarding the changes in adventitial vasa vasorum and the mechanism of the formation in hypertensive arteries.(More)
Recently, we have shown that in rats with a suprarenal abdominal aortic constriction (AC), pressure overload induces early perivascular fibro-inflammatory changes (transforming growth factor [TGF]-beta induction and fibroblast proliferation) within the first week after AC and then causes the development of cardiac remodeling (myocyte hypertrophy and(More)
Oxidative stress is implicated in the pathogenesis of various cardiovascular diseases. We have shown that in Wistar rats with a suprarenal aortic constriction (AC), pressure overload-induced transient perivascular inflammation (monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 [MCP-1] induction and macrophage accumulation) in the early phase is the determinant of reactive(More)
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are the pluripotent cells, which enter the circulation and home to sites of tissue injury or inflammation. MSCs are highlighted as a potential cell vector for gene therapy. In this study, we investigated whether transplanted allogeneic MSCs preferentially accumulate in the lung in rats with pulmonary hypertension (PH) and if so(More)