Nobuhiro Hayashi

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Interleukins 4 and 13 (IL-4 and IL-13) are related cytokines important for Th2 immune responses and encoded by adjacent genes on human chromosome 5. Efforts were made previously to detect these genes in fish, but research was hampered by a lack of sequence conservation. A Tetraodon nigrovirides (green spotted pufferfish) gene was annotated as IL-4 by Li et(More)
Cdk5 is a member of the cyclin-dependent kinases (Cdks), activated by the neuron-specific activator p39 or p35. The activators also determine the cytoplasmic distribution of active Cdk5, but the mechanism is not yet known. In particular, little is known for p39. p39 and p35 contain localization motifs, such as a second Gly for myristoylation and Lys(More)
We evaluated the evolutionary conservation of glycine myristoylation within eukaryotic sequences. Our large-scale cross-genome analyses, available as MYRbase, show that the functional spectrum of myristoylated proteins is currently largely underestimated. We give experimental evidence for in vitro myristoylation of selected predictions. Furthermore, we(More)
As part of an ongoing elucidation of rainbow trout major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I, the polymorphism of two MHC class Ib loci was analyzed. These loci, Onmy-UCA and Onmy-UDA, are situated head-to-tail and share more than 89% nucleotide identity in their open reading frames. They share 80% identity with some trout Ia alleles. The deduced amino(More)
The myelin sheath is a multilamellar membrane structure wrapped around the axon, enabling the saltatory conduction of nerve impulses in vertebrates. Myelin basic protein, one of the most abundant myelin-specific proteins, is an intrinsically disordered protein that has been shown to bind calmodulin. In this study, we focus on a 19-mer synthetic peptide from(More)
Investigating proteins 'at work' in a living environment at atomic resolution is a major goal of molecular biology, which has not been achieved even though methods for the three-dimensional (3D) structure determination of purified proteins in single crystals or in solution are widely used. Recent developments in NMR hardware and methodology have enabled the(More)
An efficient expression system of rat calmodulin in Escherichia coli is presented. To express rat calmodulin cDNA, we employed a pET expression vector which contains the T7 phage promoter and terminator. After transformation of E. coli BL21(DE3) strain which carries T7 phage RNA polymerase inducible with isopropyl-beta-D-thiogalactopyranoside, induction of(More)
Endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) is a key enzyme in nitric oxide-mediated signal transduction in mammalian cells. Its catalytic activity is regulated both by regulatory proteins, such as calmodulin and caveolin, and by a variety of post-translational modifications including phosphorylation and acylation. We have previously shown that the(More)
Galactoside-binding lectin was purified from the snake venom of Crotalus ruber by affinity chromatography on a lactose-agarose column, and the complete amino acid sequence was determined. The C. ruber venom lectin (CRL) showed a single band of 28 kDa by SDS-polyacrylamide electrophoresis under non-reducing conditions, but it showed a single band of 15 kDa(More)
STUDY DESIGN The authors retrospectively determined the prevalence of neck and shoulder symptoms (axial symptoms) after expansive laminoplasty with reattachment of spinous process and extensor musculature in patients with cervical myelopathy. OBJECTIVES To determine the prevalence of both preoperative and postoperative axial symptoms of expansive(More)