Nobuhiro Akuzawa

Learn More
Viral myocarditis presents with various symptoms, including fatal arrhythmia and cardiogenic shock, and may develop chronic myocarditis and dilated cardiomyopathy in some patients. We report here a case of viral myocarditis with liver dysfunction and pancreatitis. A 63-year-old man was admitted to our hospital with dyspnea. The initial investigation showed(More)
Secondary cardiac cancer most frequently originates from primary lung cancer and most commonly occurs in the pericardium. On electrocardiographic examination, patients with secondary cardiac cancer occasionally show ST segment elevation that mimics acute coronary syndrome, despite the absence of coronary artery occlusion. We herein describe a rare case of(More)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) is a member of the nuclear receptor superfamily that acts as a key player in adipocyte differentiation, glucose metabolism, and macrophage differentiation. Osteopontin (OPN), a component of extracellular matrix, is elevated during neointimal formation in the vessel wall and is synthesized by(More)
Chronic inhibition of nitric oxide (NO) synthesis by oral administration of N(G)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) causes hypertension and produces arteriosclerosis in rats. Balloon injury induces upregulation of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in medial smooth muscle cells of the rat arterial wall, and NO secreted by a restored endothelium(More)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR ) is a member of the nuclear receptor superfamily that acts as a key player in adipocyte differentiation, glucose metabolism, and macrophage differentiation. Osteopontin (OPN), a component of extracellular matrix, is elevated during neointimal formation in the vessel wall and is synthesized by macrophages in(More)
BACKGROUND Spontaneous isolated superior mesenteric artery dissection is a rare disease that may cause bowel ischemia or aneurysm rupture and subsequent death. Thus, the establishment of a correct diagnosis in the early stage is quite important. OBJECTIVE To describe the presentation of 3 patients diagnosed with spontaneous isolated supramesenteric artery(More)
BACKGROUND Pneumococcal pneumonia is the most common form of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). Although a pneumococcal conjugate vaccine has contributed to a reduction in the incidence of pneumococcal pneumonia among older children and adults, no significant decrease in the incidence has been observed among persons aged ≥65 years. A low body mass index(More)
A decline in oxygen concentration perturbs endothelial function, which promotes local thrombosis. In this study, we determined whether hypoxia in the range of that observed in pathophysiological hypoxic states stimulates plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) production in bovine aortic endothelial cells. PAI-1 production, measured by ELISA, was(More)
Acute suppurative thyroiditis is a serious disease; therefore, its diagnosis in the acute phase is important. Fine needle aspiration biopsy of the thyroid gland plays a pivotal role in the diagnosis of acute suppurative thyroiditis. Appropriate culture technique and optimal imaging modalities are also important for its diagnosis.
BACKGROUND Although statin therapy significantly reduces cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, atherosclerotic plaque progresses in some patients taking statins. This study investigated the factors associated with onset of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) early after the initiation of statin therapy. METHODS Consecutive patients taking statins who(More)