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A novel aerobic hyperthermophilic archaeon was isolated from a coastal solfataric vent at Kodakara-Jima Island, Japan. The new isolate, strain K1, is the first strictly aerobic organism growing at temperatures up to 100 degrees C. It grows optimally at 90 to 95 degrees C, pH 7.0, and a salinity of 3.5%. The cells are spherical shaped and 0.8 to 1.2 microns(More)
We investigated the formation of biofilms by 3 type strains of lactic acid bacteria (LAB), Lactobacillus plantarum, Lactobacillus brevis and Lactobacillus fructivorans, as representatives of LAB that cause food deterioration or contamination. Lactobacillus plantarum subsp. plantarum JCM1149 and Lactobacillus brevis JCM1059 appeared to adhere and accumulate(More)
To understand microbial communities in petroleum crude oils, we precipitated DNA using high concentrations of 2,2,4-trimethylpentane (isooctane) and purified. Samples of DNA from five crude oils, (Middle East, 3; China, 1; and Japan, 1) were characterized based upon their 16S rRNA gene sequences after PCR amplification and the construction of clone(More)
The structures of two novel polar lipids (AGI and AI) of an aerobic hyperthermophilic archaeon, Aeropyrum pernix, were elucidated. AGI and AI were the only two major lipids and accounted for 91 mol% and 9 mol%, respectively, of total polar lipids of this organism. The core lipid of A. pernix total lipids consisted solely of(More)
Many Gram-negative bacteria release membrane vesicles (MVs), but their phospholipid properties are poorly understood. Phosphatidylglycerol was present at high levels in MVs derived from Pseudomonas aeruginosa, but not in the cellular outer membrane. The ratio of stearic acid in MVs was high compared to that in the cellular outer membrane. These findings(More)
The single rRNA operon (arnS-arnL) of the hyperthermophilic archaeon Aeropyrum pernix K1 was sequenced. The DNA sequence data and detailed RNA analyses disclosed an unusual feature: the presence of three introns at hitherto undescribed insertion positions within the rRNA genes. The 699-nucleotide (nt) intron Ialpha was located at position 908 (Escherichia(More)
Pseudomonas aeruginosa secretes membrane vesicles (MVs) that deliver several virulence factors as a cargo. We found that indole and its derivative compounds, including 4-hydroxyindole, 5-hydroxyindole, 6-hydroxyindole and isatin, repress MV production significantly. These compounds also repressed the synthesis of Pseudomonas quinolone signal (PQS), which is(More)
Succinoyl trehalose lipids (STLs) are promising glycolipid biosurfactants produced from n-alkanes that are secreted by Rhodococcus species bacteria. These compounds not only exhibit unique interfacial properties but also demonstrate versatile biochemical actions. In this study, three novel types of genes involved in the biosynthesis of STLs, including a(More)
DNA polymerase activities in fractionated cell extract of Aeropyrum pernix, a hyperthermophilic crenarchaeote, were investigated. Aphidicolin-sensitive (fraction I) and aphidicolin-resistant (fraction II) activities were detected. The activity in fraction I was more heat stable than that in fraction II. Two different genes (polA and polB) encoding family B(More)
Gram-negative bacteria secrete small particles called membrane vesicles (MVs) into the extracellular milieu. While MVs have important roles in delivering toxins from pathogenic bacteria to eukaryotic cells, these vesicles also play ecological roles necessary for survival in various environmental conditions. Pseudomonas aeruginosa, which lives in soil,(More)