Nobuhiko Nomura

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A novel aerobic hyperthermophilic archaeon was isolated from a coastal solfataric vent at Kodakara-Jima Island, Japan. The new isolate, strain K1, is the first strictly aerobic organism growing at temperatures up to 100 degrees C. It grows optimally at 90 to 95 degrees C, pH 7.0, and a salinity of 3.5%. The cells are spherical shaped and 0.8 to 1.2 microns(More)
The structures of two novel polar lipids (AGI and AI) of an aerobic hyperthermophilic archaeon, Aeropyrum pernix, were elucidated. AGI and AI were the only two major lipids and accounted for 91 mol% and 9 mol%, respectively, of total polar lipids of this organism. The core lipid of A. pernix total lipids consisted solely of(More)
The single rRNA operon (arnS-arnL) of the hyperthermophilic archaeon Aeropyrum pernix K1 was sequenced. The DNA sequence data and detailed RNA analyses disclosed an unusual feature: the presence of three introns at hitherto undescribed insertion positions within the rRNA genes. The 699-nucleotide (nt) intron Ialpha was located at position 908 (Escherichia(More)
We investigated the formation of biofilms by 3 type strains of lactic acid bacteria (LAB), Lactobacillus plantarum, Lactobacillus brevis and Lactobacillus fructivorans, as representatives of LAB that cause food deterioration or contamination. Lactobacillus plantarum subsp. plantarum JCM1149 and Lactobacillus brevis JCM1059 appeared to adhere and accumulate(More)
The dibenzothiophene (DBT) metabolic pathway in Mycobacterium strain G3, which is classified as a desulfurizing microorganism with the 4S pathway, was analyzed. 2-Hydroxybiphenyl (HBP), which is an end metabolite in the DBT desulfurization reaction, and 2-methoxybiphenyl (MBP) were found in the reaction mixture, and the methoxylation pathway from HBP to MBP(More)
Microorganisms isolated from soil samples were screened for their ability to degrade various biodegradable polyester-based plastics. The most active strain, designated as strain TB-13, was selected as the best strain for degrading these plastics. From its phenotypic and genetic characteristics, strain TB-13 was closely related to Paenibacillus amylolyticus.(More)
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is an opportunistic bacterial pathogen that is one of the most refractory to therapy when it forms biofilms in the airways of cystic fibrosis patients. To date, studies regarding the production of an immunogenic and protective antigen to inhibit biofilm formation by P. aeruginosa have been superficial. The previously uncharacterized(More)
Anaerobic growth of Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1 was affected by quorum sensing. Deletion of genes that produce N-acyl-l-homoserine lactone signals resulted in an increase in denitrification activity, which was repressed by exogenous signal molecules. The effect of the las quorum-sensing system was dependent on the rhl quorum-sensing system in regulating(More)
Many Gram-negative bacteria release membrane vesicles (MVs), but their phospholipid properties are poorly understood. Phosphatidylglycerol was present at high levels in MVs derived from Pseudomonas aeruginosa, but not in the cellular outer membrane. The ratio of stearic acid in MVs was high compared to that in the cellular outer membrane. These findings(More)
Denitrification is a well-studied respiratory system that is also important in the biogeochemical nitrogen cycle. Environmental signals such as oxygen and N-oxides have been demonstrated to regulate denitrification, though how denitrification is regulated in a bacterial community remains obscure. Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a ubiquitous bacterium that(More)