Nobuhiko Nakashima

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Despite the apparent natural grouping of “picorna-like” viruses, the taxonomical significance of this putative “supergroup” was never addressed adequately. We recently proposed to the ICTV that an order should be created and named Picornavirales, to include viruses infecting eukaryotes that share similar properties: (i) a positive-sense RNA genome, usually(More)
 We determined the complete genome sequence of Himetobi P virus (HiPV), an insect picorna-like virus, which was isolated from the small brown planthopper, Laodelphax striatellus. The genome of HiPV consists of 9,275 nucleotides excluding the poly (A) tail, and contains two large open reading frames (ORFs), which were separated by a 176-nucleotide noncoding(More)
Eukaryotic ribosomes directly bind to the intergenic region-internal ribosome entry site (IGR-IRES) of Plautia stali intestine virus (PSIV) and initiate translation without either initiation factors or initiator Met-tRNA. We have investigated the mode of binding of the first aminoacyl-tRNA in translation initiation mediated by the IGR-IRES. Binding ability(More)
The family Dicistroviridae is composed of positive-stranded RNA viruses which have monopartite genomes. These viruses carry genome-linked virus proteins (VPg) and poly (A) tails. The 5' untranslated region (UTR) is approximately 500 nucleotides and contains an internal ribosome entry site (IRES). These features resemble those of vertebrate picornaviruses,(More)
Plautia stali intestine virus (PSIV) has an internal ribosome entry site (IRES) at the intergenic region of the genome. The PSIV IRES initiates translation with glutamine rather than the universal methionine. To analyze the mechanism of IRES-mediated initiation, binding of IRES RNA to salt-washed ribosomes in the absence of translation factors was studied.(More)
The brown planthopper (BPH), Nilaparvata lugens, attacks rice plants and feeds on their phloem sap, which contains large amounts of sugars. The main sugar component of phloem sap is sucrose, a disaccharide composed of glucose and fructose. Sugars appear to be incorporated into the planthopper body by sugar transporters in the midgut. A total of 93 expressed(More)
The complete genome of pepper vein yellows virus (PeVYV) was sequenced using random amplification of RNA samples isolated from vector insects (Aphis gossypii) that had been given access to PeVYV-infected plants. The PeVYV genome consisted of 6244 nucleotides and had a genomic organization characteristic of members of the genus Polerovirus. PeVYV had highest(More)
A previously unknown iflavirus has been identified in a laboratory colony of the brown planthopper, Nilaparvata lugens. The iflavirus-like sequence was first identified in contig sequences obtained from transcriptome sequencing (RNA-seq) of the brown planthopper. The complete viral genome was resequenced using the Sanger method. The positive-strand RNA(More)
The intergenic region-internal ribosome entry site (IGR-IRES) of dicistroviruses binds to 40S ribosomal subunits in the absence of eukaryotic initiation factors (eIFs). Although the conserved loop sequences in dicistroviral IGR-IRES elements are protected from chemical modifications in the presence of the 40S subunit, molecular components in the 40S(More)