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Cricket paralysis-like viruses have a dicistronic positive-strand RNA genome. These viruses produce capsid proteins through internal ribosome entry site (IRES)-mediated translation. The IRES element of one of these viruses, Plautia stall intestine virus (PSIV), forms a pseudoknot immediately upstream from the capsid coding sequence, and initiates(More)
A previously unknown iflavirus has been identified in a laboratory colony of the brown planthopper, Nilaparvata lugens. The iflavirus-like sequence was first identified in contig sequences obtained from transcriptome sequencing (RNA-seq) of the brown planthopper. The complete viral genome was resequenced using the Sanger method. The positive-strand RNA(More)
Plautia stali intestine virus (PSIV) has an internal ribosome entry site (IRES) at the intergenic region of the genome. The PSIV IRES initiates translation with glutamine rather than the universal methionine. To analyze the mechanism of IRES-mediated initiation, binding of IRES RNA to salt-washed ribosomes in the absence of translation factors was studied.(More)
We isolated vitronectins from the plasma or sera of 14 animal species including mouse and rat by heparin affinity chromatography. They cross-reacted with anti-vitronectin antibody and their amino terminal sequences showed strong homology. They also promoted spreading of BHK cells and were bound to heparin and collagen in the same way. Therefore, these(More)
The brown planthopper (BPH), Nilaparvata lugens, attacks rice plants and feeds on their phloem sap, which contains large amounts of sugars. The main sugar component of phloem sap is sucrose, a disaccharide composed of glucose and fructose. Sugars appear to be incorporated into the planthopper body by sugar transporters in the midgut. A total of 93 expressed(More)
Despite the apparent natural grouping of "picorna-like" viruses, the taxonomical significance of this putative "supergroup" was never addressed adequately. We recently proposed to the ICTV that an order should be created and named Picornavirales, to include viruses infecting eukaryotes that share similar properties: (i) a positive-sense RNA genome, usually(More)
The complete genome of pepper vein yellows virus (PeVYV) was sequenced using random amplification of RNA samples isolated from vector insects (Aphis gossypii) that had been given access to PeVYV-infected plants. The PeVYV genome consisted of 6244 nucleotides and had a genomic organization characteristic of members of the genus Polerovirus. PeVYV had highest(More)
The family Dicistroviridae is composed of positive-stranded RNA viruses which have monopartite genomes. These viruses carry genome-linked virus proteins (VPg) and poly (A) tails. The 5' untranslated region (UTR) is approximately 500 nucleotides and contains an internal ribosome entry site (IRES). These features resemble those of vertebrate picornaviruses,(More)
The intergenic region-internal ribosome entry site (IGR-IRES) of dicistroviruses binds to 40S ribosomal subunits in the absence of eukaryotic initiation factors (eIFs). Although the conserved loop sequences in dicistroviral IGR-IRES elements are protected from chemical modifications in the presence of the 40S subunit, molecular components in the 40S(More)
The complete genome sequences of two new iflaviruses (genus Iflavirus, family Iflaviridae) were determined. These viral sequences were first identified in RNA-seq contig sequences of Nilaparvata lugens in two distinct colonies: Izumo and Kagoshima. The accuracy of the contig sequences of the two viruses was verified by restriction enzyme digestion of RT-PCR(More)