Nobuhiko Nakashima

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The intergenic region-internal ribosome entry site (IGR-IRES) of dicistroviruses binds to 40S ribosomal subunits in the absence of eukaryotic initiation factors (eIFs). Although the conserved loop sequences in dicistroviral IGR-IRES elements are protected from chemical modifications in the presence of the 40S subunit, molecular components in the 40S(More)
The nucleotide sequences of all genome segments of the Nilaparvata lugens reovirus (NLRV), which is found in the brown planthopper Nilaparvata lugens, have been determined and some genes have been assigned to structural and functional proteins. The genome of NLRV consists of 28 699 nucleotides and contains at least 11 large open reading frames (ORFs). The(More)
The complete genome of pepper vein yellows virus (PeVYV) was sequenced using random amplification of RNA samples isolated from vector insects (Aphis gossypii) that had been given access to PeVYV-infected plants. The PeVYV genome consisted of 6244 nucleotides and had a genomic organization characteristic of members of the genus Polerovirus. PeVYV had highest(More)
The complete genome sequences of two new iflaviruses (genus Iflavirus, family Iflaviridae) were determined. These viral sequences were first identified in RNA-seq contig sequences of Nilaparvata lugens in two distinct colonies: Izumo and Kagoshima. The accuracy of the contig sequences of the two viruses was verified by restriction enzyme digestion of RT-PCR(More)
Some viruses exploit internal initiation for their propagation in the host cell. This type of initiation is facilitated by structured elements (internal ribosome entry site, IRES) upstream of the initiator AUG and requires only a reduced number of canonical initiation factors. An important example are IRES of the virus family Dicistroviridae that bind to(More)
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