Nobuhiko Makino

Learn More
Originally identified as axon guidance molecules, semaphorins are now known to be widely expressed mediators that play significant roles in immune responses and organ morphogenesis. However, not much is known about the signaling pathways via which they exert their organ-specific effects. Here we demonstrate that Sema4A, previously identified as an activator(More)
OBJECTIVES We sought to prospectively compare the prognostic value of cardiac iodine-123 (I-123) metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) imaging with that of heart rate variability (HRV) in patients with mild-to-moderate chronic heart failure (HF). BACKGROUND Cardiac I-123 MIBG imaging, which reflects cardiac adrenergic nerve activity, provides prognostic(More)
The cardiac neural crest, a subpopulation of the neural crest, contributes to the cardiac outflow tract formation during development. However, how it follows the defined long-range migratory pathway remains unclear. We show here that the migrating cardiac neural crest cells (NCCs) express Plexin-A2, Plexin-D1 and Neuropilin. The membrane-bound ligands for(More)
Dilated cardiomyopathy often results from autoimmunity triggered by microbial infections during myocarditis. However, it remains unclear how immunological disorders are implicated in pathogenesis of autoimmune myocarditis. Here, we demonstrated that Sema4A, a class IV semaphorin, plays key roles in experimental autoimmune myocarditis (EAM). Dendritic cells(More)
To prospectively evaluate the prognostic significance of spatial dispersion of QRS duration (S-QRSd) on a signal-averaged electrocardiogram in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF), we studied 114 consecutive stable outpatients with radionuclide left ventricular ejection fraction <40%. Cardiac and sudden deaths were significantly more often observed in(More)
  • 1