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On the basis of the near infrared observations of bulge red clump stars near the Galactic center, we have determined the galactocentric distance to be R 0 = 7.52 ± 0.10 (stat) ±0.35 (sys) kpc. We observed the red clump stars at | l | 1. • 0 and 0. • 7 | b | 1. • 0 with the IRSF 1.4 m telescope and the SIRIUS camera in the H and K S bands. After extinction(More)
We present a wide-field (∼6′ × 6′) and deep near-infrared (K s band: 2.14 μm) circular polarization image in the Orion nebula, where massive stars and many low-mass stars are forming. Our results reveal that a high circular polarization region is spatially extended (∼0.4 pc) around the massive star-forming region, the BN/KL nebula. However, other regions,(More)
We have determined the ratios of total to selective extinction in the near-infrared bands (J, H, K S) toward the Galactic center from the observations of the region | l | 2. • 0 and 0. • 5 | b | 1. • 0 with the IRSF telescope and the SIRIUS camera. Using the positions of red clump stars in color-magnitude diagrams as a tracer of the extinction and(More)
The search for habitable exoplanets in the Universe is actively ongoing in the field of astronomy. The biggest future milestone is to determine whether life exists on such habitable exoplanets. In that context, oxygen in the atmosphere has been considered strong evidence for the presence of photosynthetic organisms. In this paper, we show that a previously(More)
HiCIAO is a high contrast instrument which works with a 188 element adaptive optics system (AO188) for the Subaru Telescope. The instrument is specifically designed for extrasolar planet search and studies of proto-planetary or debris disks. A coronagraph technique and some differential observing modes implemented in HiCIAO extract faint objects from the(More)
We have conducted a systematic near-infrared circular polarization (CP) survey in star-forming regions, covering high-mass, intermediate-mass, and low-mass young stellar objects. All the observations were made using the SIRPOL imaging polarimeter on the Infrared Survey Facility 1.4 m telescope at the South African Astronomical Observatory. We present the(More)
An extensive photometric monitoring of KH 15D, an enigmatic variable in the young star cluster NGC 2264, has been conducted. Simultaneous and accurate near-infrared (JHKs-bands) photometry is presented between 2003 December and 2005 March covering most of the variable phase. The infrared variability is characterized by large-amplitude and long-lasting(More)
We present the results of wide-field JHK S polarimetry toward the H II region S106 using the IRSF (Infrared Survey Facility) telescope. Our polarimetry data revealed an extended (up to ∼ 5 ′) polarized nebula over S106. We confirmed the position of the illuminating source of most of the nebula as consistent with S106 IRS 4 through an analysis of(More)