Nobuhiko Katunuma

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When activated, CD4+ T helper cells differentiate functionally into one of two subsets, Th1 or Th2. Before the Th differentiation, Ags must be processed into peptide epitopes and presented to CD4+ T cells in association with MHC class II molecules. However, the proteases responsible for this Ag processing have not been well defined. When BALB/c mice(More)
Specific inhibitors for individual cathepsins have been developed based on their tertiary structures of X-ray crystallography. Cathepsin B-specific inhibitors, CA-074 and CA-030, and cathepsin L specific inhibitors, CLIK-148 and CLIK-195, were designed as the epoxysuccinate derivatives. Cathepsin S inhibitor, CLIK-060, and cathepsin K inhibitor, CLIK-166,(More)
During a comparison of the infectivity of mNDK, a CD4-independent human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) strain, to various cell lines, we found that HeLa cells were much less susceptible than 293T and TE671 cells. Hybridoma cells between HeLa and 293T cells were as susceptible as 293T cells, suggesting that cellular factors enhance the mNDK infection(More)
Cathepsins are an essential protease family in all living cells. The cathepsins play an essential roles such as protein catabolism and protein synthesis. To targeting to various organella and to regulate their activity, the post translational-processing and modification play an important role Cathepsins are translated in polysome as the pre-pro-mature(More)
Recently it has been reported that a cathepsin B inhibitor, CA-074Me, attenuates ecotropic murine leukemia virus (Eco-MLV) infection in NIH3T3 cells, suggesting that cathepsin B is required for the Eco-MLV infection. However, cathepsin B activity was negative or extremely low in NIH3T3 cells. How did CA-074Me attenuate the Eco-MLV infection? The CA-074Me(More)
The amounts of non-collagen proteins (muscle structural proteins) and the activity of creatine kinase were significantly decreased in muscles of 28-day-old mdx mice. The activities of lysosomal thiol proteases such as cathepsins B and L were increased in muscles of mdx mice at as early as 10 days of age. Endogenous thiol proteinase inhibitor and various(More)
One component of a factor in Proteus mirabilis (Factor 1) which specifically amplifies the induction of several liver enzymes by glucocorticoid in target cells also increases the growth inhibition of glucocorticoid on the ascitic form of L1210 cells and solid tumors of L5178Y lymphoblasts in vivo. The growth of L5U78Y and L1210 lymphoblasts was inhibited by(More)
Amyloid precursor protein (APP) 695 is remarkably expressed in the brain as compared with APP751 and APP770 which are dominant in other tissues. This study showed that human and bovine adrenal medullae dominantly expressed mRNA of APP695 as do brain nerve cells, while the adrenal cortexes expressed mRNAs of APP751 and APP770 as in other non-neural tissues.(More)
BACKGROUND Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is an autoimmune disease resulting from defects in central and peripheral tolerance and characterized by T cell-mediated destruction of islet β cells. To determine whether specific lysosomal proteases might influence the outcome of a T cell-mediated autoimmune response, we examined the functional significance of cathepsin(More)