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The effectiveness of chimeric Ag receptor (CAR)-transduced T (CAR-T) cells has been attributed to supraphysiological signaling through CARs. Second- and later-generation CARs simultaneously transmit costimulatory signals with CD3ζ signals upon ligation, but may lead to severe adverse effects owing to the recognition of minimal Ag expression outside the(More)
Allogeneic hematopoietic SCT (allo-HCT) from matched sibling donor (MSD) is recommended for younger patients with intermediate cytogenetic risk AML in first CR (CR1), whereas the role of alternative donor transplants in these patients is unknown. We retrospectively analyzed 605 patients with intermediate-risk AML, who received myeloablative allo-HCT in CR1.(More)
Hemophagocytic syndrome (HPS) induced by uncontrolled macrophage activation and subsequent graft failure is a frequent and prominent complication after allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT), a cause of severe morbidity and death, and a therapeutic challenge. Liposome-incorporated dexamethasone, dexamethasone palmitate (DP), shows greater efficacy(More)
OBJECTIVE Herpes zoster is the most common infection in patients treated with bortezomib-containing regimens for multiple myeloma. Some clinical trials have reported on the use of acyclovir prophylaxis to decrease the incidence of herpes zoster. However, the appropriate acyclovir dose and duration of prophylaxis remain unclear. The primary objective of this(More)
High-dose chemotherapy followed by autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) is a standard therapy for newly diagnosed multiple myeloma. Combinations of recently proposed prognostic factors such as cytogenetics and international scoring system (ISS) may be useful to predict prognosis after ASCT. This study evaluated 60 consecutive patients who underwent(More)
Early relapse is a parameter that affects clinical outcomes in relapsed diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL). The prognostic value of lymphopenia following the completion of first-line therapy and the relationship between lymphopenia and early relapse are unknown. Therefore, we studied the role of absolute lymphocyte count (ALC) on early relapse. We(More)
We retrospectively reviewed 104 biopsy specimens of previously untreated skin acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) within 100 days after allogeneic stem cell transplantation, and analyzed the relationship between types of infiltrating cells and clinical outcomes. Counting the total number of CD8(+) T cells, CD163(+) macrophages, and CD1a(+) dendritic(More)
The prognostic significance of eosinophilia after allogeneic hematopoietic SCT (HSCT) and the relationship between eosinophilia and acute GVHD are not well studied. We retrospectively analyzed 201 adult patients who underwent their first allogeneic HSCT. Seventy-three (36%) patients developed eosinophilia within the first 100 days after HSCT. Eosinophilia(More)
CTLA-4 is a negative regulator of activated T cells and the association of CTLA-4 polymorphisms with autoimmune diseases and transplant outcome has been reported. We evaluated the effect of donor CTLA-4 polymorphisms on outcome after allogeneic hematopoietic SCT (HSCT). We analyzed 147 Japanese HLA-matched sibling recipients and their donors who had(More)
Subgroup B adenovirus serotype 11 (Ad11) occasionally causes fatal infections in immunocompromised patients. The present study describes a novel Ad11 epitope presented by HLA-A*24:02 that could be used for adoptive immunotherapy. Ten synthetic Ad11 hexon protein-derived nonamer peptides that bound to HLA-A*24:02 were selected by a computer algorithm and MHC(More)