Nobuhiko Ichinose

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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The clinical usefulness of MR cisternography of the cerebellopontine angle, applying 2D or 3D fast spin-echo sequences, has been reported recently. Our purpose was to investigate the cause of signal loss in CSF in the prepontine or cerebellopontine angle cistern on 2D FSE MR images and to compare the cisternographic effects of 2D and(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the cochlear modiolus with thin-section magnetic resonance (MR) imaging in healthy subjects and patients with a large endolymphatic duct and sac, and to assess whether the cochlea is normal or abnormal in patients with a large endolymphatic duct and sac. MATERIALS AND METHODS MR images were obtained in 10 ears in five volunteers (group(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE In enlarged endolymphatic duct (EED) and sac (EES) syndrome, deformity of the EED and EES is congenital; however, hearing loss is acquired. To investigate the pathophysiology of progressive sensorineural hearing loss in EED and EES syndrome, we measured the volume of the EED and EES, the diameter of the EED and EES, the area of the(More)
A novel MR angiography (MRA) method, swap phase encode extended data (SPEED), was developed. Two one-shot images with the phase-encode directions swapped were collected within a single breath-hold period and processed with a maximum intensity projection (MIP) to obtain an image. In this study, a long echo train two-dimensional rapid acquisition with(More)
PURPOSE To prospectively evaluate the sensitivity and specificity of magnetic resonance (MR) imaging in the inner ear with a long echo train, three-dimensional (3D), asymmetric Fourier-transform, fast spin-echo (SE) sequence with use of a dedicated quadrature-surface phased-array coil to detect vestibular schwannoma in the cerebellopontine angle and the(More)
PURPOSE To obtain high-resolution MR images of the inner ear at 1.5 Tesla with a local gradient coil and to correlate these images with the histological specimen. MATERIALS AND METHODS All studies were performed on a 1.5 Tesla MR unit with a local gradient coil (23 mT/m, slew rate of 107 mT/m/ms). The cranio-facial region of a cadaver was examined using(More)
Magnitude subtraction and complex subtraction in dynamic contrast-enhanced three-dimensional magnetic resonance (3D-MR) angiography were compared using a phantom and 23 human subjects. In phantom studies, complex subtraction showed far better performance than magnitude subtraction, especially for longer echo times, with thicker slices, and without fat(More)
Saturation transfer contrast (STC) techniques have been employed to decrease the signal intensity of observed water by saturating a broad proton component. The STC pulse, generally spatially nonselective, reduces the signal of brain background tissues as well as inflowing blood in 3D time-of-flight (TOF) angiography. We present a novel technique, a(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Inflammation and degeneration of the intracranial saccular aneurysm wall play a major role in aneurysm formation, development and subsequent rupture. The aim of this study was to characterize the walls of unruptured intracranial aneurysms by using a hybrid of opposite-contrast MRA at 3T. MATERIALS AND METHODS Fourteen consecutive(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate contrast-enhanced MR angiography using the 3D time-resolved imaging of contrast kinetics technique (3D-TRICKS) by direct comparison with the fluoroscopic triggered 3D-elliptical centric view ordering (3D-ELLIP) technique. METHODS 3D-TRICKS and 3D-ELLIP were directly compared on a 1.5-Tesla MR unit using the same spatial resolution and(More)