Nobufumi Kawai

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The effect of black widow spider venom (BWSV) on the junctions of the lobster nerve-muscle preparation was studied by intracellular recordings. After application of BWSV both excitatory and inhibitory postsynaptic potentials (epsp and ipsp) were augmented then suppressed. The frequency of miniature potentials was markedly increased by BWSV. Summated(More)
We studied changes in expression of F3/contactin (F3), a neuron-specific adhesion molecule, in the gerbil hippocampus after transient forebrain ischemia for 5 min. By immunohistochemical techniques using F3 antibody, we found a biphasic change in immunoreactivity for F3 in the CA1 area after ischemia. Western blotting of F3 protein showed a similar biphasic(More)
We studied functional and structural differences between the two neurotoxins, wasp toxin pompilidotoxin (PMTX) and sea anemone toxin (ATXII). Although PMTX and ATXII inhibited inactivation of sodium currents both toxins had distinct actions on the lobster axon and on the rat hippocampal cells. To determine structural basis of the difference we compared(More)
GFAP (glial fibrillary acidic protein) is an intermediate filament protein found exclusively in the astrocytes of the central nervous system. We studied the role of GFAP in the neuronal degeneration in the hippocampus after transient ischemia using knockout mice. Wild-type C57 Black/6 (GFAP(+/+)) mice and mutant (GFAP(-/-)) mice were subjected to occlusion(More)
A specific blocker of the postsynaptic glutamate receptors was found in the venom of the spider Nephila clavata. The toxin (JSTX) preferentially blocks quisqualate-type glutamate receptors in the crustacean neuromuscular synapse, squid giant synapse and hippocampal neurons in slice preparations. Following determination of the structure of JSTXs, a main(More)
By using a heterotopic brain graft model, we have made histological and electrophysiological studies of the infant rat brain after prolonged ischemia. An infant rat head which had undergone ischemia for more than 90 min, was grafted onto an adult rat by anastomosing the thoracic vessels to the femoral vessels of the host rat. Histological and histochemical(More)
GIRK2 (G protein-gated inwardly rectifying K(+) channel 2) located on the Down syndrome region 21q22.2 in humans has been reported to have several alternative transcripts and transcripts longer than 4 kb that do not have the poly-A tail. We sequenced GIRK2 transcripts with a long 3'-untranslated region (3'-UTR) containing multiple adenylate uridylate-rich(More)