Nobuaki Yagi

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The objectives of this study were to determine the roles of neutrophil-endothelial cell interactions and oxygen-derived free radicals in the pathogenesis of aspirin-induced gastric mucosal injury in rats. Oral administration of acidified aspirin (200 mg/kg) resulted in linear hemorrhagic erosions and an increase in myeloperoxidase activity, an index of(More)
The clinical efficacy of gastroprotective drugs or low-dose H(2) receptor antagonists in the prevention of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID)-induced gastropathy is limited. The aim of the present study was to investigate efficacy of rebamipide and famotidine in Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori)-negative healthy volunteers taking NSAID. This study(More)
It has been reported that polymorphisms of human leukocyte antigen (HLA) genes and several cytokine genes are associated with an increased risk of developing gastric cancer (GC). However, the results of studies from different geographic regions, ethnic groups and study groups are inconsistent. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of H. pylori(More)
Our objectives were to determine whether rebamipide, a unique antiulcer agent, would inhibit adhesive reactions between neutrophils and endothelial cells as well as the production of active oxygen species from neutrophils elicited by an extract ofH. pylori. A water extract ofH. pylori that was prepared from biopsy materials obtained from a patient with(More)
To protect the small intestine from mucosal injury induced by nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs is one of the critical issues in the field of gastroenterology. Polaprezinc (PZ), a gastric muco-protecting agent, has been widely used for the treatment of gastric ulcer and gastritis for its unique effects, such as its strong reactive oxygen species(More)
Purpose. The aim of this study was to examine the characteristics of difficult cases and the learning curve in colorectal endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD). Methods. We studied 518 colorectal tumors treated by ESD. Patients were divided into 2 groups such as the difficult ESD group and non-difficult ESD group in view of procedure time and procedure(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNAs that function as endogenous silencers of target genes. Some tumor-suppressive miRNAs are known to be epigenetically silenced by promoter DNA methylation in cancer. In the present study, we aimed to identify miRNA genes that are silenced by DNA hypermethylation in hepatocellular(More)
Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) is efficient for en bloc resection of large colorectal tumors. However, it has several technical difficulties, because the wall of the colon is thin and due to the winding nature of the colon. The main complications of ESD comprise postoperative perforation and hemorrhage, similar to endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR).(More)
Endogenous carbon monoxide (CO) is one of the three products of heme degradation by heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) and exerts novel anti-inflammatory and anti-apoptotic effects as a gaseous second messenger. The purpose of this investigation was to determine whether exogenous CO could modulate intestinal inflammation. Acute colitis was induced with 2% DSS in male(More)
Serpin B1 is a monocyte neutrophil elastase (NE) inhibitor and is one of the most efficient inhibitors of NE. In the present study, we investigated the role of serpin B1 in the pathogenesis of ulcerative colitis by using clinical samples and an experimental model. The colonic expression of serpin B1 was determined by real-time polymerase chain reaction(More)