Nobuaki Tamamaki

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Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)ergic neurons in the central nervous system regulate the activity of other neurons and play a crucial role in information processing. To assist an advance in the research of GABAergic neurons, here we produced two lines of glutamic acid decarboxylase-green fluorescence protein (GAD67-GFP) knock-in mouse. The distribution(More)
Neurogenesis has been described in limited regions of the adult mammalian brain. In this study, we showed that the ependymal layer of the 3rd ventricle is a neurogenic region in the adult rat brain. DiI labeling of the 3rd ventricle revealed that neural progenitor cells were derived from cells at the ependymal layer of the adult 3rd ventricle. The mitosis(More)
The chemical organization of excitatory axon terminals in the rat cerebellar cortex was examined by immunocytochemistry and in situ hybridization histochemistry of vesicular glutamate transporters 1 and 2 (VGluT1 and VGluT2). Chemical depletion of the inferior olivary complex neurons by 3-acetylpyridine treatment almost completely removed VGluT2(More)
Morphologically a synapse consists of a presynaptic release site containing vesicles, a postsynaptic element with membrane specialization, and a synaptic cleft between them. The number of release sites shapes the properties of synaptic transmission between neurons. Although excitatory interactions between cortical neurons have been examined, the number of(More)
Neuroblasts produced in the ventricular zone of the neocortex migrate radially and form the cortical plate, settling in an inside-out order. It is also well known that the tangential cell migration is not negligible in the embryonic neocortex. To have a better understanding of the tangential cell migration in the cortex, we disturbed the migration by making(More)
In order to examine whether the entorhinal-hippocampal-entorhinal circuit is reciprocal and topographic, the connections between the subiculum, the CA1 field, and the entorhinal cortex were studied with the carbocyanine dye (Dil), which moves in both retrograde and anterograde directions. We investigated the organization of reciprocal connections revealed(More)
Neurons in the adult brain have a very complex morphology with many processes, including tremendously long axons. Since dendrites and axons play key roles in the input and output of neural information, respectively, the visualization of complete images of these processes is necessary to reveal the mechanism of neural information processing. Here we made a(More)
A new recombinant virus which labeled the infected neurons in a Golgi stain-like fashion was developed. The virus was based on a replication-defective Sindbis virus and was designed to express green fluorescent protein with a palmitoylation signal (palGFP). When the virus was injected into the ventrobasal thalamic nuclei, many neurons were visualized with(More)
The complete axon arborization of a single CA3 pyramidal cell has been reconstructed from 32 (60 microns thick) sections from the rat hippocampus following in vivo intracellular injection of neurobiotin. The same sections were double-immunostained for parvalbumin--a calcium-binding protein selectively present in two types of GABAergic interneurons, the(More)
The axonal arborization of single pyramidal neurons in field CA2 and the rostral adjacent area of the rat hippocampus was studied with intracellular staining following the pressure microinjection of horseradish peroxidase (HRP) in combination with the immunoperoxidase technique, and was analyzed three-dimensionally with the aid of a computer system. The(More)