Nobuaki Okamoto

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We report on the construction of a linkage map for brown trout (Salmo trutta) and its comparison with those of other tetraploid-derivative fish in the family Salmonidae, including Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar), rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss), and Arctic char (Salvelinus alpinus). Overall, we identified 37 linkage groups (2n = 80) from the analysis of(More)
We updated the genetic map of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) for 2 outcrossed mapping panels, and used this map to assess the putative chromosome structure and recombination rate differences among linkage groups. We then used the rainbow trout sex-specific maps to make comparisons with 2 other ancestrally polyploid species of salmonid fishes, Arctic(More)
Japanese flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus) is one of the most economically important marine species in Northeast Asia. Information on genetic markers associated with quantitative trait loci (QTL) can be used in breeding programs to identify and select individuals carrying desired traits. Commercial production of Japanese flounder could be increased by(More)
The process of sex differentiation in fishes is regulated by genetic and environmental factors. The sex of Patagonian pejerrey (Odontesthes hatcheri) appears to be under strong genotypic control (GSD) because the sex ratios are balanced (1:1) between 17°C and 23°C. However, sex ratios become female-biased at <15°C and male-biased at 25°C, which shows that(More)
Natriuretic peptides (NPs) are a group of hormones playing important roles in cardiovascular and osmoregulatory systems in vertebrates. Among the NP subtypes, atrial NP (ANP), B-type NP (BNP), and ventricular NP (VNP) are circulating hormones expressed exclusively in the heart (cardiac NPs). The constitution of cardiac NPs is variable among species of(More)
This article documents the addition of 512 microsatellite marker loci and nine pairs of Single Nucleotide Polymorphism (SNP) sequencing primers to the Molecular Ecology Resources Database. Loci were developed for the following species: Alcippe morrisonia morrisonia, Bashania fangiana, Bashania fargesii, Chaetodon vagabundus, Colletes floralis, Coluber(More)
We report the in vivo role of specific cytotoxic cells in protecting fish from acute viral infections. Specifically, we found that (1) there is an inverse relationship between cytotoxic activities and viral load and (2) adoptive transfer of immune leukocytes prevented viral infection. Crucian carp hematopoietic necrosis virus (CHNV), which has a virulence(More)
This is the first report that rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) neutrophils are responsible for non-specific cytotoxicity. A monoclonal antibody (mab) for rainbow trout leucocytes was produced. Using this mab (TTL-5E9), neutrophils (5E9-positive cells) were isolated from the pronephros by a panning technique. The isolated neutrophils showed high viability(More)
Caloric restriction (CR) is the only established intervention that extends life span in mammals, insects and nematodes. One of the hypotheses suggested that most of the effects of CR on aging may be due to reduced oxidative stress at the cellular level. It was known that ayu (Plecoglossus altivelis) produced ROS higher than other fish and that the life span(More)
It is well known that ayu (Plecoglossus altivelis) die after spawning and have a life span of only 1 year. The determinants for such a short life span are probably connected with spawning and related changes in hormonal homeostases. One of these changes is that the ayu's feeding activity decreases both during and after spawning. We investigated the(More)