Nobuaki Maeda

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Pleiotrophin/heparin-binding growth-associated molecule (HB-GAM) is a specific ligand of protein tyrosine phosphatase zeta (PTPzeta)/receptor-like protein tyrosine phosphatase beta (RPTPbeta) expressed in the brain as a chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan. Pleiotrophin and PTPzeta isoforms are localized along the radial glial fibers, a scaffold for neuronal(More)
Midkine is a heparin-binding growth factor that promotes the growth, survival, migration and differentiation of various target cells. So far, receptor-type protein tyrosine phosphatase zeta, low-density-lipoprotein-receptor-related protein and anaplastic lymphoma kinase have been identified as receptors for midkine. We found beta1 integrin in(More)
Chondroitin sulfate (CS) proteoglycans bind with various proteins through CS chains in a CS structure-dependent manner, in which oversulfated structures, such as iB (IdoA(2-O-sulfate)alpha1-3GalNAc(4-O-sulfate)), D (GlcA(2-O-sulfate)beta1-3GalNAc(6-O-sulfate)), and E (GlcAbeta1-3GalNAc(4,6-O-disulfate)) units constitute the critical functional module. In(More)
Chondroitin sulfate proteoglycans and heparan sulfate proteoglycans are major constituents of the extracellular matrix and the cell surface in the brain. Proteoglycans bind with many proteins including growth factors, chemokines, axon guidance molecules, and cell adhesion molecules through both the glycosaminoglycan and the core protein portions. The(More)
PTPzeta/RPTPbeta, a receptor-type protein tyrosine phosphatase synthesized as a chondroitin sulfate (CS) proteoglycan, uses a heparin-binding growth factor pleiotrophin (PTN) as a ligand, in which the CS portion plays an essential role in ligand binding. Using an organotypic slice culture system, we tested the hypothesis that PTN-PTPzeta signaling is(More)
Heparan sulfate (HS) binds with various proteins including growth factors, morphogens, and extracellular matrix molecules to regulate their biological functions. These regulatory interactions are considered to be dependent on the structure of HS, which is determined by HS sulfotransferases. To gain insights into the functions of HS sulfotransferases in the(More)
Heparan sulfate proteoglycans (HSPGs) play pivotal roles in the regulation of Wnt signaling activity in several tissues. At the Drosophila melanogaster neuromuscular junction (NMJ), Wnt/Wingless (Wg) regulates the formation of both pre- and postsynaptic structures; however, the mechanism balancing such bidirectional signaling remains elusive. In this paper,(More)
Chondroitin sulfate is a long sulfated polysaccharide with enormous structural heterogeneity that binds with various proteins, such as growth factors, in a structure-dependent manner. In this study, we analyzed the expression of chondroitin sulfate in the postnatally developing cerebellar cortex by using three monoclonal antibodies against chondroitin(More)
Axon-dendrite polarity of neurons is essential for information processing in the nervous system. Here we studied the functions of chondroitin sulfate (CS) and heparan sulfate (HS) in neuronal polarization using cultured dissociated hippocampal neurons. Immunohistochemical analyses of early cultured neurons indicated the distribution of these(More)
We used a genetic method, the yeast substrate-trapping system, to identify substrates for protein tyrosine phosphatases z (PTPzy RPTPb). This method is based on the yeast two-hybrid system, with two essential modifications: conditional expression of protein tyrosine kinase v-src (active src) to tyrosine-phosphorylate the prey proteins and screening by using(More)