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Hyper-immunoglobulin E syndrome (HIES) is a compound primary immunodeficiency characterized by a highly elevated serum IgE, recurrent staphylococcal skin abscesses and cyst-forming pneumonia, with disproportionately milder inflammatory responses, referred to as cold abscesses, and skeletal abnormalities. Although some cases of familial HIES with autosomal(More)
Tyrosine kinase 2 (Tyk2) is a nonreceptor tyrosine kinase that belongs to the Janus kinase (Jak) family. Here we identified a homozygous Tyk2 mutation in a patient who had been clinically diagnosed with hyper-IgE syndrome. This patient showed unusual susceptibility to various microorganisms including virus, fungi, and mycobacteria and suffered from atopic(More)
A 14-year-old Japanese girl with a progressing combined immunodeficiency had developed non-Hodgkin's diffuse large B cell lymphoma. Her molecular analysis showed a compound heterozygote of novel mutations in the LIG4 gene, M249V substitution and a five nucleotides deletion from nucleotide position 1,270-1,274. She had also a set of characteristic clinical(More)
Hyper-IgE syndrome (HIES) is a primary immunodeficiency characterized by recurrent staphylococcal infections and atopic dermatitis associated with elevated serum IgE levels. Although defective differentiation of IL-17-producing CD4(+) T cells (Th17) partly accounts for the susceptibility to staphylococcal skin abscesses and pneumonia, the pathogenesis of(More)
The presence of the anti-melanoma differentiation-associated gene 5 antibody was evaluated in 13 patients with juvenile dermatomyositis (JDM). The antibody was positive in 5 of the 6 patients with JDM-associated interstitial lung disease (ILD), but not in the 7 patients without ILD. This antibody is a useful marker for early diagnosis of JDM-associated ILD.
Hyper-IgE syndrome (HIES) is a primary immunodeficiency characterized by atopic manifestations and susceptibility to infections with extracellular pathogens, typically Staphylococcus aureus, which preferentially affect the skin and lung. Previous studies reported the defective differentiation of T helper 17 (Th17) cells in HIES patients caused by(More)
X-linked chronic granulomatous disease is a primary immunodeficiency caused by mutations in CYBB. Although large deletions involving CYBB are known to cause contiguous gene syndrome (CGS), only a few patients have been studied precisely at the molecular levels. Our study determined the deletion breakpoints in two patients with CGS involving CYBB by array(More)
BACKGROUND Primary immunodeficiency diseases (PID) are rare but have a high associated risk of death from overwhelming infection in early childhood. Stem cell transplantation (SCT) can be curative for PID, but standardized protocols for each disease have not yet been established. METHODS Between May 1995 and May 2005, nine patients diagnosed with a PID(More)
X-linked agammaglobulinemia (XLA) is a primary immunodeficiency disease caused by mutations in the gene coding for Bruton's tyrosine kinase (Btk). Most XLA patients have severely reduced or absent peripheral blood B cells and serum immunoglobulins, since the expression or function of Btk, critical for the maturation of B cell lineages at pro-B and pre-B(More)