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Hyper-immunoglobulin E syndrome (HIES) is a compound primary immunodeficiency characterized by a highly elevated serum IgE, recurrent staphylococcal skin abscesses and cyst-forming pneumonia, with disproportionately milder inflammatory responses, referred to as cold abscesses, and skeletal abnormalities. Although some cases of familial HIES with autosomal(More)
Tyrosine kinase 2 (Tyk2) is a nonreceptor tyrosine kinase that belongs to the Janus kinase (Jak) family. Here we identified a homozygous Tyk2 mutation in a patient who had been clinically diagnosed with hyper-IgE syndrome. This patient showed unusual susceptibility to various microorganisms including virus, fungi, and mycobacteria and suffered from atopic(More)
Hyper-IgE syndrome (HIES) is a primary immunodeficiency characterized by recurrent staphylococcal infections and atopic dermatitis associated with elevated serum IgE levels. Although defective differentiation of IL-17-producing CD4(+) T cells (Th17) partly accounts for the susceptibility to staphylococcal skin abscesses and pneumonia, the pathogenesis of(More)
Sjögren syndrome (SS) is a common disorder in adults and involves both glandular and extraglandular systems. We report here four cases of childhood SS complicated by chronic thyroiditis, interstitial nephritis or sweat gland inflammation. Additionally, in one of these cases, the central nervous system was involved. All of these complications are common in(More)
A 14-year-old Japanese girl with a progressing combined immunodeficiency had developed non-Hodgkin's diffuse large B cell lymphoma. Her molecular analysis showed a compound heterozygote of novel mutations in the LIG4 gene, M249V substitution and a five nucleotides deletion from nucleotide position 1,270-1,274. She had also a set of characteristic clinical(More)
The presence of the anti-melanoma differentiation-associated gene 5 antibody was evaluated in 13 patients with juvenile dermatomyositis (JDM). The antibody was positive in 5 of the 6 patients with JDM-associated interstitial lung disease (ILD), but not in the 7 patients without ILD. This antibody is a useful marker for early diagnosis of JDM-associated ILD.
BACKGROUND Primary immunodeficiency diseases (PID) are rare but have a high associated risk of death from overwhelming infection in early childhood. Stem cell transplantation (SCT) can be curative for PID, but standardized protocols for each disease have not yet been established. METHODS Between May 1995 and May 2005, nine patients diagnosed with a PID(More)
Hyper-IgE syndrome (HIES) is a primary immunodeficiency characterized by atopic manifestations and susceptibility to infections with extracellular pathogens, typically Staphylococcus aureus, which preferentially affect the skin and lung. Previous studies reported the defective differentiation of T helper 17 (Th17) cells in HIES patients caused by(More)
X-linked chronic granulomatous disease is a primary immunodeficiency caused by mutations in CYBB. Although large deletions involving CYBB are known to cause contiguous gene syndrome (CGS), only a few patients have been studied precisely at the molecular levels. Our study determined the deletion breakpoints in two patients with CGS involving CYBB by array(More)
A boy with congenital rubella syndrome developed dysgammaglobulinaemia with elevated serum levels of IgM. CD154 was not induced on his peripheral blood mononuclear cells when rubella virus RNA was detected in his throat swabs and peripheral blood by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction. Following intravenous immunoglobulin therapy, improvement of(More)