Nobuaki Kaibara

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BACKGROUND Transforming growth factors beta (TGFs beta) are involved in a variety of important cellular functions, including cell growth and differentiation, adhesion, migration, extracellular matrix formation, and immune function. Moreover, it has been reported that TGFs beta are correlated with angiogenesis. However, the role of TGF-beta as an angiogenic(More)
In this study, we evaluated the correlation between the postoperative detection of circulating cancer cells and the risk of recurrence in patients with gastric cancer. Total RNA was extracted from 1.5 ml of peripheral blood from 59 patients with gastric cancer and 15 patients with cholecystolithiasis (control) before and after operation. Carcinoembryonic(More)
BACKGROUND Less invasive treatment is the current trend in many surgical fields. Most patients with early gastric cancer do not have lymph node metastasis. Thus extensive resection of the stomach and extended lymph node dissection do not appear to be necessary. METHODS In a retrospective study, 890 consecutive patients with early gastric cancer who had(More)
BACKGROUND It is important to clarify the clinicopathologic characteristics of micrometastasis in lymph nodes and microinvasion in primary lesions for the treatment options with regard to submucosal gastric cancer. METHODS We examined 1945 lymph nodes and 68 primary tumors resected from 79 patients with submucosal gastric cancer. Two consecutive sections(More)
Serum levels of a newly identified, tumour-associated antigen, CA72-4, were measured in 86 patients with histologically proven gastric carcinoma. Preoperative levels of CA72-4 in serum tended to be higher with increased dissemination of the cancer. Elevated levels of CA72-4 (above 5.0 U/ml) were significantly more frequent than those of carcinoembryonic(More)
PURPOSE Lymph node metastasis is the most important predictor of prognosis in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). Recently, KiSS-1 was cloned as a human metastasis suppressor gene, and an orphan G-protein-coupled receptor (hOT7T175) was identified as the endogenous receptor of the KiSS-1 product. However, the clinical importance of KiSS-1 and(More)
Recent studies have shown that tumor suppressor genes, particularly p53, may play a crucial regulatory role in the control of angiogenesis. Accordingly, we analyzed the correlation between p53 accumulation and the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and microvessel counts in a series of human gastric adenocarcinomas by(More)
Immunolocalization of E-cadherin (E-cad), alpha-catenin, beta-catenin, and CD44 has rarely been investigated in human cholangiocarcinoma (CC). We, therefore, immunohistochemically examined the expression of E-cad, alpha-catenin, beta-catenin, CD44 standard (CD44s), and CD44 variants (CD44v) including CD44v5, CD44v6, CD44v7-8, and CD44v10 in normal adult(More)
BACKGROUND Continuous hyperthermic peritoneal perfusion (CHPP) with a solution that contained 10 micrograms/ml mitomycin C was devised initially as a method for intraperitoneal thermochemotherapy. The authors conducted a randomized clinical trial to evaluate the efficacy of CHPP as a prophylactic treatment for prevention of peritoneal recurrence of gastric(More)
AIMS Tumour-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) play a role in local anti-tumour immunity. Tumour cells may escape from immune surveillance by expressing RCAS1, a receptor-binding cancer antigen expressed on SiSo cells, which inhibits T cell growth. In this study, the correlation between the density of CD8+ TILs, tumour cell apoptosis, and tumour RCAS1(More)