Nobuaki Akakura

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Secretory phospholipase A2 group IIA (sPLA2-IIA) plays an important role in the pathogenesis of inflammatory diseases. Catalytic activity of this enzyme that generates arachidonic acid is a major target for development of anti-inflammatory agents. Independent of its catalytic activity, sPLA2-IIA induces pro-inflammatory signals in a receptor-mediated(More)
Plasmin is a major extracellular protease that elicits intracellular signals to mediate platelet aggregation, chemotaxis of peripheral blood monocytes, and release of arachidonate and leukotriene from several cell types in a G protein-dependent manner. Angiostatin, a fragment of plasmin(ogen), is a ligand and an antagonist for integrin alpha(9)beta(1). Here(More)
It has been questioned whether there are receptors for urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) that facilitate plasminogen activation other than the high affinity uPA receptor (uPAR/CD87) since studies of uPAR knockout mice did not support a major role of uPAR in plasminogen activation. uPA also promotes cell adhesion, chemotaxis, and proliferation(More)
Fibrinogen is a major plasma protein (350 kDa) that induces proliferative signals by serving as a scaffold to support the binding of growth factors and to promote the cellular responses of adhesion, proliferation, and migration during wound healing, angiogenesis, and tumor growth. Fibrin(ogen) degradation products generated during fibrinolysis are(More)
Severe tissue necrosis with a retarded wound healing process is a major symptom of a cobra snakebite. Cardiotoxins (CTXs) are major components of cobra venoms that belong to the Ly-6 protein family and are implicated in tissue damage. The interaction of the major CTX from Taiwan cobra, i.e. CTX A3, with sulfatides in the cell membrane has recently been(More)
Immunoblastic lymphadenopathy (IBL)-like T-cell lymphoma is considered to belong to peripheral T-cell lymphoma. Its prognosis is grave and effective treatments have not been established. Recently, we gave oral cyclosporin A (CsA) to a patient with IBL-like T-cell lymphoma, and succeeded in achieving dramatic remission. In this case, serum levels of(More)
The prognosis of immunoblastic lymphadenopathy (IBL)-like T-cell lymphoma is grave, and its effective treatments have not been established. We applied oral cyclosporin A (CsA) treatment to two cases of IBL-like T-cell lymphoma, and succeeded in achieving complete remissions. CsA is known to have a suppressive effect on the immune system, most notably(More)
Measurement of the topographical corneal edema response has been previously restricted by the use of optical pachometry and small sample sizes. This study uses ultrasound pachometry to measure changes in the corneal thickness of 23 subjects at 9 locations during 2 hours' wear of a thick soft contact lens. The data are analysed using both averaged and(More)
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