Nobu Oshima

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Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are considered to be responsible for the dismal prognosis of cancer patients. However, little is known about the molecular mechanisms underlying the acquisition and maintenance of CSC properties in cancer cells because of their rarity in clinical samples. We herein induced CSC properties in cancer cells using defined factors. We(More)
UNLABELLED miRNAs have important roles in regulating cancer stem cell (CSC) properties and are considered to be potential therapeutic targets. However, few studies have focused on miRNAs which are specifically related to colon CSCs. Here, a PCR-based miRNA profiling analysis of normal colon stem cells (NCSC) and colon CSCs (EpCAM⁺/CD44⁺/CD66a⁻) identified(More)
Hepatic epithelioid hemangioendothelioma (HEHE) is a rare neoplasm of vascular origin. The clinical presentation of HEHE is variable, and the therapeutic criteria are still unclear since its natural history is unpredictable. A 53-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital because she had a 2.5-cm diameter nodule in the segment V of the liver. She had(More)
Although trastuzumab improves the outcome of patients with human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-overexpressing gastric or gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma (collectively referred to as “gastroesophageal adenocarcinoma”; GEA), no clinical response is observed in a substantial population of patients. A predictive biomarker of trastuzumab(More)
Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are capable of reconstructing cancer tissues, are involved in both recurrence and metastasis, and contribute to therapeutic resistance. Therefore, elucidating the molecular mechanism in CSCs is important to successfully treat unresectable cancers. Previously we observed that colon cancer stem-like cells can be induced from human(More)
Induced pluripotent stem cells(iPSCs)can be generated via reprogramming of somatic cells into pluripotent stem cells by introducing defined factors with appropriate culture conditions. iPSCs have 4 key properties. iPSCs have pluripotency and self-renewal ability, which are properties in common with embryonic stem cells. Additionally, iPSCs can be generated(More)
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