Noboru Tokinaga

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The occurrence of acute dystonia was prospectively monitored in 39 schizophrenic patients (18 male and 21 female) treated with 9 to 27 mg/day of nemonapride, a selective dopamine antagonist, and the relationship of acute dystonia with characteristics of patients and plasma concentrations of the drug and prolactin was investigated. Twenty (51.3%) of 39(More)
 The effects of various factors, including the cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2D6 genotype and the coadministration of flunitrazepam, on the steady-state plasma concentrations (Css) of bromperidol and its reduced metabolite were studied in 62 schizophrenic inpatients receiving bromperidol 12 mg/day. By use of allele-specific PCR analysis, the wild type allele(More)
Effects of smoking and cytochrome P450 2C19 (CYP2C19) status on the single dose kinetics of zotepine and pharmacokinetic interaction between zotepine and diazepam were investigated. In 14 healthy volunteers, the pharmacokinetics of zotepine after a single oral 25 mg dose were compared between eight smokers and six non-smokers, or between seven extensive(More)
A rapid and sensitive method using solid-phase extraction and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) has been developed for the determination of zotepine (ZTP), an atypical neuroleptic, in human plasma. The detection limit of ZTP was 1 microgram/L. Standard curves over the concentration range from 2.5 to 100 micrograms/L had a good linearity.(More)
Altered metabolism of valproate has been suggested as the mechanism of teratogenicity and hepatotoxicity of valproate. This study aimed at examining whether pharmacokinetics of a slow-release formulation of valproate affects valproate metabolism. Thirty-one epileptic patients were treated with fixed-doses of conventional valproate for at least 2 months.(More)
Rationale: A previously reported pharmacokinetic interaction between bromperidol and carbamazepine, an inducer of cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A4, suggests possible involvement of CYP3A4 in the metabolism of bromperidol. Objective: We investigated pharmacokinetic interaction between bromperidol and itraconazole, a potent inhibitor of CYP3A4, to clarify the(More)
1. The authors studied the correlations between plasma concentrations of trazodone and mCPP at steady state and those after an initial dose of trazodone. 2. Fifteen depressed patients received trazodone 150 mg at bedtime for 3 weeks, and blood samplings were taken 12 h after the initial dose and 12 h after the last dose at each week. Plasma concentrations(More)
A case of repetitive hallucinations during treatment with a therapeutic dosage of triazolam (0.25 mg/day) and nitrazepam (5 mg/day) is presented. The patient suffered from acute pneumonia and chronic renal failure. Such non-psychotic symptoms as anxiety, tremor and depressed feeling were observed initially. However, after co-administration of erythromycin(More)
Associations between neuroleptic side effects and plasma concentrations of the drug and prolactin were investigated in 33 acutely exacerbated schizophrenic patients (16 males and 17 females) treated with a fixed dose of nemonapride (18 mg/day), a new substituted benzamide, for 3 weeks. The most frequently observed side effects during nemonapride treatment(More)