Noboru Tokinaga

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Altered metabolism of valproate has been suggested as the mechanism of teratogenicity and hepatotoxicity of valproate. This study aimed at examining whether pharmacokinetics of a slow-release formulation of valproate affects valproate metabolism. Thirty-one epileptic patients were treated with fixed-doses of conventional valproate for at least 2 months.(More)
1. The authors studied the correlations between plasma concentrations of trazodone and mCPP at steady state and those after an initial dose of trazodone. 2. Fifteen depressed patients received trazodone 150 mg at bedtime for 3 weeks, and blood samplings were taken 12 h after the initial dose and 12 h after the last dose at each week. Plasma concentrations(More)
The occurrence of acute dystonia was prospectively monitored in 39 schizophrenic patients (18 male and 21 female) treated with 9 to 27 mg/day of nemonapride, a selective dopamine antagonist, and the relationship of acute dystonia with characteristics of patients and plasma concentrations of the drug and prolactin was investigated. Twenty (51.3%) of 39(More)
A case of repetitive hallucinations during treatment with a therapeutic dosage of triazolam (0.25 mg/day) and nitrazepam (5 mg/day) is presented. The patient suffered from acute pneumonia and chronic renal failure. Such non-psychotic symptoms as anxiety, tremor and depressed feeling were observed initially. However, after co-administration of erythromycin(More)
Effects of smoking and cytochrome P450 2C19 (CYP2C19) status on the single dose kinetics of zotepine and pharmacokinetic interaction between zotepine and diazepam were investigated. In 14 healthy volunteers, the pharmacokinetics of zotepine after a single oral 25 mg dose were compared between eight smokers and six non-smokers, or between seven extensive(More)
Associations between neuroleptic side effects and plasma concentrations of the drug and prolactin were investigated in 33 acutely exacerbated schizophrenic patients (16 males and 17 females) treated with a fixed dose of nemonapride (18 mg/day), a new substituted benzamide, for 3 weeks. The most frequently observed side effects during nemonapride treatment(More)
RATIONALE A previously reported pharmacokinetic interaction between bromperidol and carbamazepine, an inducer of cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A4, suggests possible involvement of CYP3A4 in the metabolism of bromperidol. OBJECTIVE We investigated pharmacokinetic interaction between bromperidol and itraconazole, a potent inhibitor of CYP3A4, to clarify the(More)
The authors investigated the single oral dose kinetics of zotepine and its relationship with prolactin response and side effects in 14 healthy male volunteers. Each subject took a single oral 25-mg dose of zotepine, and plasma concentrations of zotepine, prolactin, and their side effects were monitored up to 36 hours after dosing. The means +/- SD of the(More)
A rapid and sensitive method using solid-phase extraction and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) has been developed for the determination of zotepine (ZTP), an atypical neuroleptic, in human plasma. The detection limit of ZTP was 1 microgram/L. Standard curves over the concentration range from 2.5 to 100 micrograms/L had a good linearity.(More)