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Cerebral blood flow (CBF) and rate of oxygen metabolism (CMRO(2)) may be quantified using positron emission tomography (PET) with (15)O-tracers, but the conventional three-step technique requires a relatively long study period, attributed to the need for separate acquisition for each of (15)O(2), H(2)(15)O, and C(15)O tracers, which makes the multiple(More)
Based on their differentiation ability, bone marrow stromal cells (MSCs) are a good source for cell therapy. Using a cynomolgus monkey peripheral nervous system injury model, we examined the safety and efficacy of Schwann cells induced from MSCs as a source for auto-cell transplantation therapy in nerve injury. Serial treatment of monkey MSCs with reducing(More)
BACKGROUND Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) has been used as a treatment for neuropsychiatric disorders such as depression and Parkinson's disease (PD). Despite the growing interest in therapeutic application of rTMS, precise mechanisms of its action remain unknown. With respect to PD, activation of the mesostriatal dopaminergic pathway(More)
Positron emission tomography (PET) with [(11)C]raclopride is widely used to investigate temporal changes in the dopamine D(2) receptor system attributed to the dopamine release. The simplified reference tissue model (SRTM) can be used to determine the binding potential (BP(ND)) value using the time-activity curve (TAC) of the reference region as input(More)
Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) recently has been assessed as a noninvasive treatment modality for movement and psychiatric disorders, whereas the mechanism underlying the therapeutic effects is not fully understood. Studies in rodents showed lasting functional changes in some selected regions, such as limbic-associated structures, but(More)
Recently, lactate has been receiving great attention as an energy substrate in the brain. In this study, the role of lactate was evaluated by "bioradiography" system with 2-deoxy-2-[(18)F]fluoro-d-glucose ([(18)F]FDG), which is a positron emitting radiotracer for glucose uptake quantification. "Bioradiography" is the dynamic living tissue slice imaging(More)
Positron emission tomography (PET) with (15)O tracers provides essential information in patients with cerebral vascular disorders, such as cerebral blood flow (CBF), oxygen extraction fraction (OEF), and metabolic rate of oxygen (CMRO(2)). However, most of techniques require an additional C(15)O scan for compensating cerebral blood volume (CBV). We aimed to(More)
Measurement of arterial input function (AIF) for quantitative positron emission tomography (PET) studies is technically challenging. The present study aimed to develop a method based on a standard arterial input function (SIF) to estimate input function without blood sampling. We performed (18)F-fluolodeoxyglucose studies accompanied by continuous blood(More)
We aimed at evaluating the adequacy of the commonly employed compartmental model for quantitation of cerebral metabolic rate of oxygen (CMRO2) using (15)O-labeled oxygen ((15)O2) and positron emission tomography (PET). Sequential PET imaging was carried out on monkeys following slow bolus injection of blood samples containing (15)O2-oxyhemoglobin(More)