Noboru Takata

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BACKGROUND Efavirenz (EFV) is metabolized primarily by cytochrome P450 2B6 (CYP2B6), and high plasma concentrations of the drug are associated with a G-->T polymorphism at position 516 (516G-->T) of CYP2B6 and frequent central nervous system (CNS)-related side effects. Here, we tested the feasibility of genotype-based dose reduction of EFV. METHODS CYP2B6(More)
OBJECTIVE The size of a pneumothorax is an important index to guide the emergency treatment of trauma patients--chest tube drainage. The purpose of this study was to develop and validate an automated computer-aided volumetry scheme for detection and measurement of pneumothoraces for trauma patients imaged with MDCT. MATERIALS AND METHODS Three pigs and 68(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the feasibility of a low-contrast agent dose protocol at abdominal dynamic computed tomography (CT) with a low tube voltage high tube current-time product technique and a 256-detector row CT unit. MATERIALS AND METHODS This prospective study received institutional review board approval; written informed consent to participate was(More)
The increasing prevalence of drug-resistant HIV transmission has become a critical epidemic in the world today. Studies in developed countries reported 8-27% of newly diagnosed HIV/AIDS patients are infected by drug-resistant strains. To determine the prevalence of drug-resistant HIV-1 among newly diagnosed cases in Japan, eight HIV/AIDS clinical centers,(More)
PURPOSE Most children with autoimmune neutropenia (AIN) have a benign clinical course because of the spontaneous resolution of neutropenia. The authors observed the clinical course of AIN in infancy accompanied by the prophylactic use of trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (TMP-SMX) during neutropenia. PATIENTS AND METHODS Eight infants with AIN were followed(More)
The emergence and transmission of drug-resistant human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1) compromises antiretroviral treatment for HIV-1. Thus, testing for drug resistance is recommended at diagnosis and before initiating highly active antiretroviral treatment. We conducted an epidemiological study enrolling newly diagnosed patients between 2003 and 2008 in(More)
We evaluated the clinical characteristics of 41 children with chronic neutropenia based on the quantitative analysis of antineutrophil antibodies in serum by flow cytometry. According to the strength of antineutrophil antibodies, the patients were divided into 3 groups: 12 patients presented negative antibodies, 13 patients showed weak positive antibodies,(More)
We studied the evolutionary relationships between the two protease inhibitor (PI) resistance mutations, D30N and L90M, of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1). The former is highly specific for nelfinavir resistance, while the latter is associated with resistance to several PIs, including nelfinavir. Among patients with nelfinavir treatment failure,(More)
BACKGROUND Human neutrophil antigen-2a (HNA-2a)-specific MoAb, which is necessary to prepare panel neutrophils and to determine the phenotype of patients' neutrophils, has been produced in many laboratories in Japan. The frequency of the HNA-2a-positive population in western Japan is unknown. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS A cell line secreting an(More)