Noboru Shinkai

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BACKGROUND/AIM To examine the risks for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) with respect to hepatitis B virus (HBV) genotypes, specific viral mutations (MT), serum HBV DNA levels, and cirrhosis. METHODS HBV genotypes, 1653/1753/core promoter (CP)/precore MT and HBV DNA levels were determined in 248 HBV patients with HCC and 248 HBV controls. RESULTS Genotype(More)
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) genotypes/subgenotypes and their related mutations in the HBV genome have been reported to be associated with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). To determine the HCC-associated mutations of the HBV genome in the entire X, core promoter, and precore/core regions, a cross-sectional control study was conducted comparing 80 Japanese(More)
AIM Several studies have shown that high pretreatment concentrations of serum interferon-γ-inducible protein-10 (IP-10) are correlated with non-response to pegylated interferon (PEG-IFN) plus ribavirin (RBV) for chronic hepatitis C (CHC). However, there are few reports on their effect on the Asian population. METHODS We enrolled 104 Japanese genotype 1(More)
AIM   Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) may progress to liver cirrhosis, and NASH patients with liver cirrhosis are at risk of developing hepatocellular carcinoma. Statins, 3-hydroxy-3-methyglutaryl-coenzyme A reductase inhibitors, are well known to reduce low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and reduce the incidence of coronary heart disease and other(More)
Inosine triphosphatase (ITPA) genetic variants are strongly associated with ribavirin (RBV)-induced anaemia during pegylated interferon (PEG-IFN) plus RBV therapy. However, the treatment efficacy of ITPA genetic variants has not been fully explored. We enrolled 309 individuals infected with hepatitis C virus genotype 1, who were treated with PEG-IFN plus(More)
We modified and automated a highly sensitive chemiluminescent enzyme immunoassay (CLEIA) for surface antigen (HBsAg) detection using a combination of monoclonal antibodies, each for a specific epitope of HBsAg, and by improving an earlier conjugation technique. Of 471 hepatitis B virus (HBV) carriers seen in our hospital between 2009 and 2012, 26 were HBsAg(More)
BACKGROUND Prolonged lamivudine therapy has two major problems: breakthrough hepatitis during treatment and relapse of aminotransferase (ALT) after cessation of the therapy. The aim of this study was to examine factors that could predict ALT flare after stopping lamivudine therapy. METHODS We analyzed 22 Japanese patients with chronic hepatitis B(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Liver biopsy is the gold standard test to determine the grade of fibrosis, but there are associated problems. Because gadolinium-ethoxybenzyl-diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid is secreted partially in hepatocytes and bile, it is possible that ethoxybenzyl-magnetic resonance imaging (EOB-MRI) correlates with liver function and liver(More)
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is classified into several genotypes. Genotype G (HBV/G) is characterised by worldwide dispersion, low intragenotypic diversity and a peculiar sequence of the precore and core region (stop codon and 36-nucleotide insertion). As a rule, HBV/G is detected in co-infection with another genotype, most frequently HBV/A2. In a previous in(More)
Recently, we identified a novel liver fibrosis glycobiomarker, Wisteria floribunda agglutinin (WFA)-reactive colony stimulating factor 1 receptor (WFA(+) -CSF1R), using a glycoproteomics-based strategy. The aim of this study was to assess the value of measuring WFA(+) -CSF1R levels for the prognosis of carcinogenesis and outcome in liver cirrhosis (LC)(More)