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At room temperature aqueous solutions of dextrans with concentrations > 25% (w/w) exhibit a sol-gel transition in the presence of > 1.0 M potassium chloride. In dextrans the gelation was unexpected due to missing anionic groups that usually provide the binding sites for cations. The quantitative investigation of the gel formation is based on changes of the(More)
This study investigated the anti-allergic effect of a diethyl ether fraction from dried Sargassum fusiforme. In vivo experiments showed that percutaneous administration of this fraction suppressed mouse ear swelling induced by three types of sensitizers (arachidonic acid, 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate and oxazolone). At a dose of 0.1 mg/mouse, the(More)
In order to distinguish 18 Porphyra and Pyropia species, the present study employed polymerase chain reaction restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) analysis using mitochondrial DNA related to the ATP synthase F0 subunit 6 (ATP6) gene and partial mitochondrial DNA including trnC, rps11, sdh3, trnG, trnN, trnP, and rns. The two primer sets on(More)
The proton relaxation times, T1 and T2, of water in Sephadex gels, exhibiting pores of varying size (i.e., with exclusion limits of molecular weight between 10(3) and 10(5)) and water contents in the range 30 to 70% (w/w, weight of water to total weight), were measured at 20 MHz in the temperature range 5 to 50 degrees C. Multiexponential analysis of the(More)
Nuclear magnetic relaxation measurements of water in gels made of crosslinked dextran or polyacrylamide (water content, 30-60 wt%) were carried out using broad-line proton-pulsed NMR. Both T1 and T2 values showed inflection against pore size, i.e., the size of the compartment made by crosslinks of the polymer gels. T2 (or T1) values obtained for gels with(More)
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