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BACKGROUND/PURPOSE One of the major complications encountered in hepatobiliary surgery is the incidence of bile duct and blood vessel injuries. It is sometimes difficult during surgery to evaluate the local anatomy corresponding to hepatic arteries and bile ducts. We investigated the potential utility of an infrared camera system as a tool for evaluating(More)
Human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a hypervascular tumor but the mechanisms underlying the process of angiogenesis are not fully understood. Angiopoietins (Ang) have been recently identified as ligands for Tie-2 receptor and are thought to be important factors in vascular maturation and stability during angiogenesis. In this study, we investigated the(More)
In a previous investigation, we demonstrated that mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) actively migrated to cardiac allografts and contributed to graft fibrosis and, to a lesser extent, to myocardial regeneration. The cellular/molecular mechanism responsible for MSC migration, however, is poorly understood. This paper examines the role of CD44-hyaluronan(More)
OBJECTIVES Cytokines and chemokines potentially modulate postoperative immune response. Association of circulating cytokines and chemokines with postoperative infectious complications after pancreaticoduodenectomy was evaluated. METHODS Plasma concentrations of interleukin (IL) 6, IL-10, IL-8, macrophage chemoattractant protein 1, heat shock protein 70,(More)
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE The role of aggressive surgery for stage IV gallbladder carcinoma remains controversial. Survival and prognostic factors were analyzed in patients with stage IV disease, based on the Japanese Society of Biliary Surgery (JSBS) classification, to identify the group of patients who could benefit from radical surgery. METHODS A(More)
BACKGROUND Humoral mediators are potentially involved in the pathogenesis of postoperative complications following surgery. The aim of the present study is to evaluate the postoperative responses of circulating cytokines, chemokines, and stress hormones following liver resection, and their effects on postoperative infectious complications and organ(More)
Radical surgical resection has been revealed to be the only hope of cure for the patient with hilar cholangiocarcinoma. Therefore, major efforts have been made to increase the resection rate by surgeons employing combined hepatic resection and vascular resection of the portal vein and the hepatic artery. Especially, the technical feasibility and surgical(More)
The effects of metformin treatment on advanced glycation endproduct formation and peripheral nerve function in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats were examined. Streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats were treated with low dose metformin (50-65 mg kg(-1) daily) or high dose metformin (500-650 mg kg(-1) daily) for 10 weeks. While the metformin-untreated(More)
Xenoantibodies to the gal alpha1,3 gal (gal) epitope impede the use of pig tissues for xenotransplantation, a procedure that may help overcome the shortage of human organ donors. Stable gal chimerism and tolerance to gal(+) hearts could be achieved in alpha1,3-galactosyltransferase (alpha1,3GT)(-/-) mice using lentiviral vectors expressing porcine(More)
Although fibroblast growth factor 19 (FGF19) can promote liver carcinogenesis in mice, its involvement in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has not been well investigated. FGF19, a member of the FGF family, has unique specificity for its receptor FGFR4. This study aimed to clarify the involvement of FGF19 in the development of HCC. We investigated human(More)