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Human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a hypervascular tumor but the mechanisms underlying the process of angiogenesis are not fully understood. Angiopoietins (Ang) have been recently identified as ligands for Tie-2 receptor and are thought to be important factors in vascular maturation and stability during angiogenesis. In this study, we investigated the(More)
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE One of the major complications encountered in hepatobiliary surgery is the incidence of bile duct and blood vessel injuries. It is sometimes difficult during surgery to evaluate the local anatomy corresponding to hepatic arteries and bile ducts. We investigated the potential utility of an infrared camera system as a tool for evaluating(More)
In a previous investigation, we demonstrated that mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) actively migrated to cardiac allografts and contributed to graft fibrosis and, to a lesser extent, to myocardial regeneration. The cellular/molecular mechanism responsible for MSC migration, however, is poorly understood. This paper examines the role of CD44-hyaluronan(More)
AIM To study the regulatory mechanisms of sinusoidal regeneration after partial hepatectomy. METHODS We investigated the expression of angiopoietin (Ang)-1, Ang-2, Tie-2, and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in regenerating liver tissue by quantitative reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) using a LightCycler (Roche(More)
The effects of metformin treatment on advanced glycation endproduct formation and peripheral nerve function in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats were examined. Streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats were treated with low dose metformin (50-65 mg kg(-1) daily) or high dose metformin (500-650 mg kg(-1) daily) for 10 weeks. While the metformin-untreated(More)
Although fibroblast growth factor 19 (FGF19) can promote liver carcinogenesis in mice, its involvement in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has not been well investigated. FGF19, a member of the FGF family, has unique specificity for its receptor FGFR4. This study aimed to clarify the involvement of FGF19 in the development of HCC. We investigated human(More)
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE The role of aggressive surgery for stage IV gallbladder carcinoma remains controversial. Survival and prognostic factors were analyzed in patients with stage IV disease, based on the Japanese Society of Biliary Surgery (JSBS) classification, to identify the group of patients who could benefit from radical surgery. METHODS A(More)
Rapid remnant liver recurrence in patients with synchronous colorectal liver metastases (CRLM) is occasionally experienced after simultaneous colorectal and liver resection. We evaluated the tumor progression during interval periods to determine whether delayed hepatic resection detects occult metastases. One hundred thirty-seven patients underwent(More)
BACKGROUND Humoral mediators are potentially involved in the pathogenesis of postoperative complications following surgery. The aim of the present study is to evaluate the postoperative responses of circulating cytokines, chemokines, and stress hormones following liver resection, and their effects on postoperative infectious complications and organ(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM Hepatocellular carcinoma is one of the most common cancers. alpha-Fetoprotein is strongly expressed in most patients with hepatocellular carcinoma, and high levels of alpha-fetoprotein expression have been reported as an independent prognostic factor. However, there have been few reports on the reasons for poor prognosis. METHODS We(More)