Noboru Konishi

Learn More
Prognostic factors for low-grade astrocytomas have been proposed, but optimal treatment remains controversial. Eighty-eight consecutive adult patients with supratentorial low-grade astrocytomas were retrospectively reviewed to determine specific factors influencing outcome. All underwent craniotomy (43 radical resections, 45 nonradical resections). Sex, age(More)
Astrocytomas are the most common pediatric brain tumors, accounting for 7%-8% of all childhood cancers. Relatively few studies have been performed on their molecular properties; therefore, classification of pediatric astrocytic tumors into genetic subtypes similar to that of adult tumors remains to be defined. Here, we report an extensive characterization(More)
Protein O-phosphorylation often occurs reciprocally with O-GlcNAc modification and represents a regulatory principle for proteins. O-phosphorylation of serine by glycogen synthase kinase-3β on Snail1, a transcriptional repressor of E-cadherin and a key regulator of the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) programme, results in its proteasomal(More)
We developed a method for the estimation of three-dimensional acetabular coverage of the femoral head with use of only an anteroposterior radiograph of the hip. This technique also allows recalculation of the corrected value for coverage at neutral pelvic tilt. Provided that the acetabulum and femoral head are spherical and congruent, the results are as(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Although it has been reported that intestinal metaplasia implicated in gastric carcinogenesis is induced by the ParaHox gene CDX2, it is unclear which genes are responsible for the formation of pseudopyloric glands and whether they play a role in gastric carcinogenesis. Pancreatic-duodenal homeobox 1 (PDX1) is also a ParaHox gene which(More)
Tumor necrosis factor-like weak inducer of apoptosis (TWEAK) is known to have pivotal roles in various inflammatory processes. The TWEAK receptor, fibroblast growth factor-inducible 14 (Fn14), has various unique functions under physiological and pathological conditions; however, the therapeutic potential of its direct targeting remains unknown. Here, we(More)
As 2-methoxyestradiol (2-ME), an endogenous estrogen metabolite, has been established to cause apoptosis of prostate cancer cells, the downstream effectors of the signaling remain unclear. In the current study, we investigated molecular mechanisms by which 2-ME induces apoptosis in human prostate cancer cell line, LNCaP. It was found that 2-ME mediates(More)
We recently identified a novel human AlkB homologue, ALKBH8, which is expressed in various types of human cancers including human urothelial carcinomas. In examining the role and function of ALKBH8 in human bladder cancer development in vitro, we found that silencing of ALKBH8 through small interfering RNA transfection reduced reactive oxygen species (ROS)(More)
We investigated the promotor hypermethylation status of multiple genes in 49 oral squamous cell carcinomas (OSCC), using the methylation-specific PCR (MSP) assay. The genes examined included p16INK4a, p14ARF, RB1, p21Waf1, p27Kip1, PTEN, p73, 0(6)-MGMT, and GST-P. Detailed clinicopathological data, such as patient age, sex, tobacco use, alcohol consumption,(More)
Midkine (MK) is a growth/differentiation factor frequently expressed at high levels in some types of human malignancies. To investigate whether MK is a useful marker in prostate carcinogenesis, immunohistochemical analysis was performed on samples of both latent and clinical prostate cancers of various stages, as well as on specimens of normal gland and(More)