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A cDNA clone, termed pHPSMC, was obtained from the Japanese sea urchin Hemicentrotus pulcherrimus, and it was found to be highly homologous in sequence to the spicule matrix protein cDNA of Strongylocentrotus purpuratus (Sucov et al., Dev. Biol. 120: 507-519, 1987). During early embryogenesis, mRNA complementary to pHPSMC appeared in gastrulae and remained(More)
Inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP(3)) is an intracellular messenger that elicits a wide range of spatial and temporal Ca(2+) signals, and this signaling versatility is exploited to regulate diverse cellular responses. In this study, we have developed a series of IP(3) biosensors that exhibit strong pH stability and varying affinities for IP(3), as well as a(More)
A series of periodic increases in intracellular free calcium concentration ([Ca2+]i) occurred upon fertilization in golden hamster eggs. The spatial distribution of the Ca2+ transients was investigated in single zona-free, aequorin-injected eggs, inseminated by single sperm. A supersensitive TV camera system for recording Ca2+-aequorin luminescence enabled(More)
Engrafted mesenchymal stem cells from human deciduous dental pulp (SHEDs) support recovery from neural insults via paracrine mechanisms that are poorly understood. Here we show that the conditioned serum-free medium (CM) from SHEDs, administered intrathecally into rat injured spinal cord during the acute postinjury period, caused remarkable functional(More)
The ciliated protozoan Paramecium spontaneously changes its swimming direction in the absence of external stimuli. Such behavior is based on resting potential fluctuations, the amplitudes of which reach a few mV. When the resting potential fluctuation is positive and large, a spike-like depolarization is frequently elicited that reverses the beating of the(More)
In this study, we immunized Gb3/CD77 synthase gene (A4galt) knockout (KO) mice with glycosphingolipids (GSLs) extracted from 3 renal cell cancer (RCC) cell lines to raise monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) reactive with globo-series GSLs specifically expressed in RCCs. Although a number of mAbs reactive with globo-series GSLs were generated, they reacted with(More)
Expression and implication of carbohydrate antigens in squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs) in oral cavity was examined. In the cell lines, type 2H and Lewis y antigens were markedly expressed. In the tissues from SCC patients and benign disorders, type 2H was highly expressed in hyperplasia (96.4 %), displasia (92.9 %) and SCC (100 %). Lewis y was, in turn,(More)
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