Learn More
Inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP(3)) is an intracellular messenger that elicits a wide range of spatial and temporal Ca(2+) signals, and this signaling versatility is exploited to regulate diverse cellular responses. In this study, we have developed a series of IP(3) biosensors that exhibit strong pH stability and varying affinities for IP(3), as well as a(More)
Ganglioside GD3 is specifically expressed in human melanomas, and plays a role in the enhancement of malignant phenotypes of melanoma cells. To analyze the mechanisms by which GD3 enhances malignant properties and signals in melanomas, it is essential to clarify how GD3 interacts with membrane molecules on the cell membrane. In this study, we performed(More)
The possible roles of Src family kinases in the enhanced malignant properties of melanomas related to GD3 expression were analyzed. Among Src family kinases only Yes, not Fyn or Src, was functionally involved in the increased cell proliferation and invasion of GD3-expressing transfectant cells (GD3+). Yes was located upstream of p130Cas and paxillin and at(More)
Engrafted mesenchymal stem cells from human deciduous dental pulp (SHEDs) support recovery from neural insults via paracrine mechanisms that are poorly understood. Here we show that the conditioned serum-free medium (CM) from SHEDs, administered intrathecally into rat injured spinal cord during the acute postinjury period, caused remarkable functional(More)
Glycosphingolipids are expressed on the cell membrane and act as important factors in various events that occur across the plasma membrane. Lactosylceramide (LacCer) is synthesized from glucosylceramide and is a common precursor of various glycosphingolipids existing in whole body. Based on the enzyme purification, β1,4-galactosyltransferase 6 (B4galt6)(More)
The function of protein kinase C (PKC) is closely regulated by its subcellular localization. We expressed PKCalpha fused to green fluorescent protein (PKCalpha-GFP) and examined its translocation in living and permeabilized cells of the human parotid cell line, HSY-EB. ATP induced an oscillatory translocation of PKCalpha-GFP to and from the plasma membrane(More)
The ciliated protozoan Paramecium spontaneously changes its swimming direction in the absence of external stimuli. Such behavior is based on resting potential fluctuations, the amplitudes of which reach a few mV. When the resting potential fluctuation is positive and large, a spike-like depolarization is frequently elicited that reverses the beating of the(More)
In order to identify membrane proteins whose expression is induced by X-ray irradiation, we developed an antibody (Ab)-directed strategy using a phage Ab library. X-Ray-irradiated cells were screened with a phage Ab library in the presence of a large excess of polyclonal Abs prepared against membrane proteins that are commonly present at the surface of both(More)
Although regulatory mechanisms for immune cells with inhibitory signals via immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibitory motifs are well known, signals transduced via interaction between Siglecs and sialyl compounds on their counterreceptors into target cells have not been reported to date. In this study, we found that an astrocytoma cell line, AS, showed(More)
There have been a few studies on the ganglioside expression in human glioma tissues. However, the role of these gangliosides such as GD3 and GD2 has not been well understood. In this study we employed a genetically engineered mouse model of glioma to clarify the functions of GD3 in gliomas. Forced expression of platelet-derived growth factor B in cultured(More)