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Chronologic and morphometric changes in the inferior olivary nucleus of the human medulla oblongata were studied in eight cases of primary pontine hemorrhage with different survival periods. To measure the olivary areas and analyze the neuronal and glial components, an optic electronic planimeter was used. A desk-top computer was also used for the(More)
Senile plaques were found in the cerebral cortices of three very aged cats (more than 18 years old). The plaques consisted of a coarse assembly of silver staining-positive materials, and was morphologically different from the well-known classical, primitive, and diffuse plaques. Congophilic amyloid angiopathy was observed in a few cortical arterioles of the(More)
Ghrelin is a novel peptide that stimulates the release of growth hormone from the pituitary and is involved in hypothalamic feeding regulation. A pre-embedding immunostaining technique was used to study the ultrastructure and synaptic relationships of ghrelin-containing neurons in the rat arcuate nucleus (ARC). Ghrelin-like immunoreactive (ghrelin-LI)(More)
The morphometric development of the human cerebellar nuclei was examined in 9 fetuses (16-40 weeks of gestation; WG), an infant (2 months old) and 2 adults (16 and 63 years old). With the morphological observation of serial sections of the brain containing the cerebellar nuclei, the authors measured sections to get several morphometric parameters: the(More)
Senile plaques (SPs) and cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA), pathological hallmarks of Alzheimer's disease, have not been thoroughly investigated histopathologically in nonhuman primates. To determine the onset age and histopathological characteristics of SPs and CAA, we examined the brains of 64 cynomolgus monkeys (Macaca fascicularis) from 2 to 35 years(More)
Apoptosis similar to that seen in Alzheimer's disease patients was found in the brain of aged dogs by the TUNEL method of detecting in situ DNA fragmentation. Apoptosis was observed in both neurons and glial cells, and was morphologically characterized by round and swollen cytoplasm and aggregated nuclear chromatin, although these changes were slight.(More)
Interleukin-1 (IL-1) contributes to ischemic neurodegeneration. However, the mechanisms regulating action of IL-1 are still poorly understood. In order to clear this central issue, mice that were gene deficient in IL-1alpha and beta (IL-1 KO) and wild-type mice were subjected to 1-h transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (tMCAO). Expression levels of(More)
The development of the human magnocellular red nucleus (RNm) was studied in 20 fetuses at 12-39 weeks of gestation (WG). With microscopic observation on serial sections of the brain, we measured the profile area of a neuronal cell body. At 12WG, several islands of immature cells of the RNm appeared dorsal to the parvocellular red nucleus (RNp). At 16WG, the(More)
It is important to learn about changes in both taste and odor perceptions with increasing age, because the taste of foods we encounter in our daily life is strongly affected by their smell. This study discusses the difference in qualitative taste and odor discrimination between the elderly and the young. Tastants and odorants used in this study were(More)
The relationship of senile plaques to neuronal cells, neurites, glial cells, or capillaries was examined using double labeling-immunostaining methods on the Bouin's solution-fixed serial brain sections from dogs. Compact deposits of beta protein (amyloid plaques) in the cerebral cortex always contained microvessels labeled by anti-collagen type IV antibody(More)