Noam N. Butterfield

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BACKGROUND Vernakalant, a relatively atrial-selective antiarrhythmic drug, has previously demonstrated efficacy for the acute conversion of atrial fibrillation (AF) to sinus rhythm. This study was designed to determine the most appropriate oral dose of vernakalant for the prevention of AF recurrence postcardioversion. METHODS AND RESULTS Patients with(More)
BACKGROUND Vernakalant is a novel, relatively atrial-selective antiarrhythmic drug. This analysis assessed the efficacy and safety of intravenous vernakalant for the rapid conversion of atrial fibrillation (AF) to sinus rhythm in patients with a history of ischemic heart disease (IHD). METHODS The presence of IHD was extracted from the medical history of(More)
OBJECTIVES Vernakalant is a relatively atrial-selective antiarrhythmic agent that has been shown to successfully convert atrial fibrillation (AF) to normal sinus rhythm for some patients whose onset of dysrhythmia occurred less than 7 days previously. This study sought to evaluate the efficacy and safety of vernakalant for patients with recent-onset AF. (More)
OBJECTIVE To provide evidence for the clinical efficacy of changes in urinary pH on the pain associated with interstitial cystitis (IC). PATIENTS AND METHODS A prospective, randomized, double-blind cross-over study was conducted with 26 women with IC between 2000 and 2002, consisting of cross-over instillations of urine at physiological pH (5.0), and(More)
PURPOSE To compare the measured "real world" perioperative drug cost and recovery associated with desflurane- and isoflurane-based anesthesia in short (less than one hour) ambulatory surgery. METHODS We conducted a prospective, randomized, blinded trial with patients undergoing arthroscopic meniscectomy under general anesthesia. Following iv induction,(More)
PURPOSE To test the efficacy of a combination of selective pre- and post-surgical local anesthetic infiltrations of the knee, compared with standard intra-articular injection at the end of surgery alone, to reduce postoperative opioid requirements following arthroscopic cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR). METHODS In a double-blind, randomized,(More)
UNLABELLED Exposure to general anesthesia may contribute to postoperative cognitive impairment in elderly patients, but the relationship remains poorly understood. We investigated whether aged mice, 18-19 mo, are more susceptible to postanesthetic cognitive impairment than young mice, 3-4 mo, using spatial memory (Barnes maze) and psychomotor (rotarod)(More)
BACKGROUND Cognitive impairments are the main complication after electroconvulsive therapy (ECT). Modification of treatment parameters has been shown to affect the magnitude of these impairments, but the role of anesthetic type remains unclear. This study tested whether there is a difference in cognitive impairments immediately after ECT with propofol(More)
The research protocol is the principal document in the conduct of a clinical trial. Its generation requires knowledge about the research problem, the potential experimental confounders, and the relevant Good Clinical Practices for conducting the trial. However, such information is not always available to authors during the writing process. A checklist of(More)
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