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The fluid that resides within cranial and spinal cavities, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), moves in a pulsatile fashion to and from the cranial cavity. This motion can be measured hy magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and may he of clinical importance in the diagnosis of several brain and spinal cord disorders such as hydrocephalus, Chiari malformation, and(More)
Knowledge of normal cerebrovascular volumetric flow rate (VFR) dynamics is of interest for establishing baselines, and for providing input data to cerebrovascular model studies. Retrospectively gated phase contrast magnetic resonance imaging was used to measure time-resolved VFR waveforms from the two internal carotid arteries (ICA) and two vertebral(More)
OBJECT The diagnosis of Chiari malformation (CM) is based on the degree of tonsilar herniation, although this finding does not necessarily correlate with the presence or absence of symptoms. Intracranial compliance (ICC) and local craniocervical hydrodynamic parameters derived using magnetic resonance (MR) imaging flow measurements were assessed in(More)
The brain and the spinal cord are contained in a cavity and are surrounded by cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), which provides physical support for the brain and a cushion against external pressure. Hydrocephalus is a disease, associated with disturbances in the CSF dynamics, which can be surgically treated by inserting a shunt or third ventriculostomy. This(More)
Previous nonhuman primate stroke models have employed temporary occlusion of arteries, had limited behavioral testing and imaging, and focused on the short-term outcome. Our goals were 1. to develop a stable model of chronic stroke in the nonhuman primate, 2. to study in vivo the long-term biochemical changes in the area adjacent to the infarct, using(More)
Brain and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) movements are influenced by the anatomy and mechanical properties of intracranial tissues, as well as by the waveforms of driving vascular pulsations. The authors analyze these movements so that the purely hemodynamic factors are removed and the underlying mechanical couplings between brain, CSF, and the vasculature are(More)
Postural related changes in cerebral hemodynamics and hydrodynamics were studied using Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) measurements of cerebral blood flow and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) flow dynamics. Ten healthy volunteers (mean age 29 +/- 7) were studied in supine and upright (sitting) postures. A Cine phase-contrast MRI technique was used to image the(More)
PURPOSE To compare venous drainage patterns and associated intracranial hydrodynamics between subjects who experienced mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) and age- and gender-matched controls. METHODS Thirty adult subjects (15 with mTBI and 15 age- and gender-matched controls) were investigated using a 3T MR scanner. Time since trauma was 0.5 to 29 years(More)
OBJECTIVE The study was undertaken to determine whether normobaric hypoxia causes elevated brain volume and intracranial pressure in individuals with symptoms consistent with acute mountain sickness (AMS). METHODS Thirteen males age = (26 (sd 6)) years were exposed to normobaric hypoxia (12% O2 ) and normoxia (21% O2 ). After 2 and 10 hours, AMS symptoms(More)
The biomechanical properties of intracranial tissues influence the mechanical coupling of brain and CSF oscillations to the driving vascular pulsations. Dynamic phase contrast MRI was used to measure the transfer functions that characterize these couplings in normal elderly subjects and patients with Alzheimer's disease. The transfer functions of both(More)