Th is article is published online with Open Access and distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License. ABBREVIATIONS 5FU 5-fl uorouracil ALC absolute lymphocyte count AUA American Urological Association BCG Bacille-Calmette Guerin BRAF B-RAF proto-oncogene, serine/threo-nine kinase CBI checkpoint blockade… (More)
Copyright: © 2015 Baras et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
BACKGROUND The 5-year cancer specific survival (CSS) for patients with muscle invasive urothelial carcinoma of the bladder (MIBC) treated with cystectomy alone is approximately 50%. Platinum based neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) plus cystectomy results in a marginal 5-10% increase in 5-year CSS in MIBC. Interestingly, responders to NAC (<ypT2) have a 5-year… (More)
Only in recent years have phospholipase A2 enzymes (PLA2s) emerged as cancer targets. In this work, we report the first detection of elevated PLA2 activities in plasma from patients with colorectal, lung, pancreatic, and bladder cancers as compared to healthy controls. Independent sets of clinical plasma samples were obtained from two different sites. The… (More)