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RATIONALE The prevalence in cystic fibrosis (CF) of respiratory cultures with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) has dramatically increased over the last 10 years, but the effect of MRSA on FEV(1) decline in CF is unknown. OBJECTIVES To determine the association between MRSA respiratory infection and FEV(1) decline in children and adults(More)
BACKGROUND Cough is a pervasive and disabling symptom of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) and is an independent predictor of disease progression. The Cough Quality-of-Life Questionnaire (CQLQ) is a validated measure of cough-specific quality of life that could be used as an outcome measure in therapeutic trials for IPF. This study aimed to assess the(More)
INTRODUCTION Lung involvement is a common extra-articular manifestation of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) that confers significant morbidity and mortality. The objective of the present study is to assess which respiratory symptoms and patient and disease characteristics are most highly associated with pulmonary function test (PFT) abnormalities in an RA patient(More)
RATIONALE Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) related to systemic sclerosis (SSc) has a poorer prognosis compared with other forms of PAH for reasons that remain unexplained. OBJECTIVES To identify risk factors of mortality in a well-characterized cohort of patients with PAH related to systemic sclerosis (SSc-PAH). METHODS Seventy-six consecutive(More)
BACKGROUND Acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are a frequent cause of hospitalization in the United States. Previous studies of selected populations of patients with COPD have estimated in-hospital mortality to range from 4% to 30%. Our objective was to obtain a generalizable estimate of in-hospital mortality from acute(More)
PURPOSE To determine whether chronic pulmonary arterial pressure (PAP) elevation affects regional biventricular function and whether regional myocardial function may be reduced in pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) patients with preserved global right ventricular (RV) function. MATERIALS AND METHODS After informed consent, 35 PAH patients were(More)
BACKGROUND Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a progressive, fatal disorder of unknown cause with no effective treatment. Cough affects up to 80% of patients with IPF, is frequently disabling, and lacks effective therapy. OBJECTIVE To determine the efficacy of thalidomide in suppressing cough in patients with IPF. DESIGN 24-week, double-blind,(More)
INTRODUCTION Previous studies of interstitial lung disease (ILD) suggest that prognosis and therapeutic response are influenced by the presence of underlying collagen vascular disease (CVD). Yet, what proportion of patients presenting with ILD have CVD is largely unknown. We sought to determine the frequency of a new CVD diagnosis in an ILD referral(More)
The aim of this study was to examine the causes and outcomes of hospitalisation in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). 205 consecutive hospitalisations occurring between 2000 and 2009 in 90 PAH patients were studied. The leading causes for hospitalisation were right heart failure (RHF; 56%), infection (16%) and bleeding disorders (8%). For(More)
Patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) invariably develop respiratory muscle weakness and most die from pulmonary complications. There are numerous tests available to evaluate respiratory status in ALS and it is important to understand their various advantages and limitations. Forced vital capacity (FVC) is commonly used but can remain normal(More)