Noah Hershkowitz

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1. The cause of the increased frequency of glutamatergic miniature excitatory postsynaptic currents (mEPSCs) resulting from anoxia was investigated in CA1 neurons of the in vitro rat hippocampal slice. These neurons were examined by whole-cell patch-clamp recording, and hypoxia was induced by switching the perfusion of the slice from oxygenated artificial(More)
Hypoxia induces depression of excitatory postsynaptic currents (EPSCs) and inhibitory postsynaptic currents (IPSCs) in CA1 neurons of the hippocampus. The effect of antagonists that act at the A1 adenosine receptor on hypoxia-induced depression of EPSCs and IPSCs were examined in hippocampal slices with the patch clamp technique (whole-cell configuration).(More)
1. We investigated the mechanism of hypoxia-induced depression of gamma-aminobutyric acid-A (GABAA)-mediated inhibitory postsynaptic currents (IPSCs) in CA1 neurons of hippocampal slices from 21- to 28-day-old rats. Cells were examined by whole-cell patch-clamp recording and hypoxia was induced by switching perfusion of the slice from oxygenated artificial(More)
Patch clamp in the whole cell configuration was used to examine the effects of a variety of agents that influence arachidonic acid metabolism on vesicular glutamate release in CA1 neurons of rat hippocampal slices. As previously demonstrated, anoxia induced a significant increase in the frequency of spontaneous glutamate-mediated miniature excitatory(More)
The ability of nitric oxide to enhance vesicular glutamate release during anoxia was examined in the present study. Whole-cell patch clamp recordings were obtained from CA1 pyramidal neurons in rat hippocampal slices perfused in media containing tetrodotoxin. These cells exhibit spontaneous inward currents previously identified as glutamatergic miniature(More)
1. The effect of hypoxia on synaptic physiology was investigated in hippocampal slices from 16- to 23-day-old rats. CA1 pyramidal cells were examined by whole cell patch-clamp recording, and hypoxia was induced by switching perfusion of the slice from oxygenated artificial cerebrospinal fluid (ACSF) to ACSF saturated with 95% N2-5%CO2. Synaptic responses(More)
Spinal and alpha-chloralose anesthetized cats were prepared for single unit recording from fibers originating in deefferented spindles of the triceps surae muscles. Carbamazepine (CBZ), 200 and 300 mg/kg, suspended in 1% methylcellulose in saline was administered i.p. and plasma concentrations were determined by gas liquid chromatography. Stretch induced by(More)
The effects of phenytoin (35 micrograms/ml) on membrane properties and inhibitory postsynaptic potential (IPSPs) in CA1 and CA3 pyramidal neurons of the in vitro rat hippocampus were examined. No significant change was observed on input resistance or resting membrane potential. Action potential amplitude, overshoot, rate of rise and rate of decay were(More)
Synaptically evoked extracellular field potentials were obtained from the pyramidal cell layer of the Cal field of rat hippocampus slices. Synaptic activity was evoked by Schaffer's collateral stimulation. The effects of the water-soluble contrast agents Na-diatrizoate and metrizamide, as well as control solutions of NaCl and sucrose, were studied. Test(More)
The response decrement that occurs during continuous iontophoretic application of GABA to hippocampal neurons was characterized by intracellular methods in the rat hippocampal slice. Using several paradigms that compared the responses to GABA with those to poorly transported analogues, we then identified a large component of this decrement that appeared to(More)