Noah Hershkowitz

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1. The cause of the increased frequency of glutamatergic miniature excitatory postsynaptic currents (mEPSCs) resulting from anoxia was investigated in CA1 neurons of the in vitro rat hippocampal slice. These neurons were examined by whole-cell patch-clamp recording, and hypoxia was induced by switching the perfusion of the slice from oxygenated artificial(More)
Hypoxia induces depression of excitatory postsynaptic currents (EPSCs) and inhibitory postsynaptic currents (IPSCs) in CA1 neurons of the hippocampus. The effect of antagonists that act at the A1 adenosine receptor on hypoxia-induced depression of EPSCs and IPSCs were examined in hippocampal slices with the patch clamp technique (whole-cell configuration).(More)
1. We investigated the mechanism of hypoxia-induced depression of gamma-aminobutyric acid-A (GABAA)-mediated inhibitory postsynaptic currents (IPSCs) in CA1 neurons of hippocampal slices from 21- to 28-day-old rats. Cells were examined by whole-cell patch-clamp recording and hypoxia was induced by switching perfusion of the slice from oxygenated artificial(More)
Patch clamp in the whole cell configuration was used to examine the effects of a variety of agents that influence arachidonic acid metabolism on vesicular glutamate release in CA1 neurons of rat hippocampal slices. As previously demonstrated, anoxia induced a significant increase in the frequency of spontaneous glutamate-mediated miniature excitatory(More)
1. The effect of hypoxia on synaptic physiology was investigated in hippocampal slices from 16- to 23-day-old rats. CA1 pyramidal cells were examined by whole cell patch-clamp recording, and hypoxia was induced by switching perfusion of the slice from oxygenated artificial cerebrospinal fluid (ACSF) to ACSF saturated with 95% N2-5%CO2. Synaptic responses(More)
Traction injury to the optic nerve and vasa nervorum is the suggested etiology for monocular blindness following trivial frontal trauma. Holographic interferometry was used on human skulls to demonstrate orbital deformation in response to nondestructive frontal loading. The findings suggest an additional mechanism for energy dissipation and therefore for(More)
The ability of nitric oxide to enhance vesicular glutamate release during anoxia was examined in the present study. Whole-cell patch clamp recordings were obtained from CA1 pyramidal neurons in rat hippocampal slices perfused in media containing tetrodotoxin. These cells exhibit spontaneous inward currents previously identified as glutamatergic miniature(More)
The effects of phenytoin (35 micrograms/ml) on membrane properties and inhibitory postsynaptic potential (IPSPs) in CA1 and CA3 pyramidal neurons of the in vitro rat hippocampus were examined. No significant change was observed on input resistance or resting membrane potential. Action potential amplitude, overshoot, rate of rise and rate of decay were(More)
The use of emissive Langmuir probes in unmagnetized and weakly magnetized multidipole plasmas is investigated. It is shown that plasma potential, plasma electron temperature, and probe temperature can be determined from one probe characteristic curve. Data indicate that the inflection point of the current-voltage curve gives the plasma potential to an(More)
The helicon plasma stage in the Variable Specific Impulse Magnetoplasma Rocket (VASIMR ®) VX-200i device was used to characterize an axial plasma potential profile within an expanding magnetic nozzle region of the laboratory based device. The ion acceleration mechanism is identified as an ambipolar electric field produced by an electron pressure gradient,(More)