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The electrophysiological action of thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) on rat spinal motoneurons was studied in vitro using single-electrode voltage- and current-clamp techniques. In current-clamp conditions TRH elicited a slowly developing depolarization, associated with a large input resistance increase and sustained neuronal firing; the primary(More)
1. The tight-seal whole cell recording technique was used to study the effects of the metabotropic glutamate receptor (mGluR) agonist, trans-1-aminocyclopentane-1,3-dicarboxylic acid (t-ACPD) on spontaneous gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)-mediated synaptic currents in neonatal rat CA1 hippocampal neurons in slices obtained from postnatal (P) days P6-P12. 2.(More)
The actions of substance P and thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) on neonatal rat spinal motoneurones in vitro were compared using intracellular current and voltage clamp techniques. Like TRH, substance P evoked a slowly-developing, persistent depolarisation plus an increase in input resistance under current clamp conditions. Under voltage clamp(More)
Using intracellular current clamp recording from motoneurones of the neonatal rat spinal cord in vitro, the action of tachykinin receptor agonists was investigated. Test drugs included the endogenously occurring neuropeptide substance P and synthetic compounds, such as substance P methylester (SPMeO), [beta Ala8]neurokinin A4-10 ([Ala]NKA),(More)
The relationship between consumption of dietary fiber (DF) from white bread, wholemeal bread, or bran and the development of diverticular disease of the colon has been investigated in a lifespan study using 1800 Wistar rats in nine diet groups. Use of the rat as a model for the human condition was validated by demonstration of significant relationships(More)
Using a single electrode voltage clamp technique the actions of rapidly superfused thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH, 1 microM) on lumbar motoneurones of the isolated neonatal rat spinal cord were investigated. TRH induced a slowly developing inward current (associated with an input conductance fall) with slow recovery on washout. In the presence of TRH(More)
Male and female Theiller's Original strain mice were fed for 16 and 17 months respectively on diets in which cake, prepared from flours treated with 0, 1250 or 2500 ppm chlorine, formed 79% by weight on a 12.6% moisture basis. Body weights and food intakes were unaffected by flour treatment but all of the animals on cake diets showed significant increases(More)