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IL-33, a new member of the IL-1 family cytokine, is involved in Th2-type responses in a wide range of diseases and signals through the ST2 receptor expressed on many immune cells. Since the effects of IL-33 on DCs remain controversial, we investigated the ability of IL-33 to modulate DC functions in vitro and in vivo. Here, we report that IL-33 activates(More)
Deposition of uric acid crystals in joints causes the acute and chronic inflammatory disease known as gout and prolonged airway exposure to silica crystals leads to the development of silicosis, an irreversible fibrotic pulmonary disease. Aluminum salt (Alum) crystals are frequently used as vaccine adjuvant. The mechanisms by which crystals activate innate(More)
BACKGROUND Inflammasome activation with the production of IL-1β received substantial attention recently in inflammatory diseases. However, the role of inflammasome in the pathogenesis of asthma is not clear. Using an adjuvant-free model of allergic lung inflammation induced by ovalbumin (OVA), we investigated the role of NLRP3 inflammasome and related it to(More)
The NLR pyrin domain containing 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome is a major component of the innate immune system, but its mechanism of activation by a wide range of molecules remains largely unknown. Widely used nano-sized inorganic metal oxides such as silica dioxide (nano-SiO2) and titanium dioxide (nano-TiO2) activate the NLRP3 inflammasome in macrophages(More)
The cysteine protease caspase-1 (Casp-1) contributes to innate immunity through the assembly of NLRP3, NLRC4, AIM2, and NLRP6 inflammasomes. Here we ask whether caspase-1 activation plays a regulatory role in house dust mite (HDM)-induced experimental allergic airway inflammation. We report enhanced airway inflammation in caspase-1-deficient mice exposed to(More)
Allergic asthma is characterized by a strong Th2 response with inflammatory cell recruitment and structural changes in the lung. Papain is a protease allergen disrupting the airway epithelium triggering a rapid inflammation with eosinophilia mediated by innate lymphoid cell activation (ILC2) and leading to a Th2 immune response. In this study, we focused on(More)
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