Noël L. W. Keijsers

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Recently, real time imaging of the cortical control of gait became possible with functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS). So far, little is known about the activations of various cortical areas in more complex forms of gait, such as precision stepping. From previous work on animals and humans one would expect precision stepping to elicit extra(More)
PURPOSE The popularity of long-distance walking (LDW) has increased in the last decades. However, the effects of LDW on plantar pressure distribution and foot complaints, in particular, after several days of walking, have not been studied. METHODS We obtained the plantar pressure data of 62 subjects who had no history of foot complaints and who walked a(More)
Fast cyclic movements and discrete motor acts are controlled differently, presumably because fast cyclic tasks are more automated, thereby depending on different circuits. If fast cyclic movements are made less predictable (e.g., by mixing frequencies), one would predict that their control will be less automated, requiring increased activity in motor(More)
BACKGROUND Since the brain is intact, persons with a spinal cord injury (SCI) might benefit from a brain-computer interface (BCI) to improve mobility by making use of functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS). OBJECTIVE We aimed to use fNIRS to detect contralateral primary motor cortex activity during attempted foot movements in participants with(More)
BACKGROUND Although many patients with foot complaints receive customized insoles, the choice for an insole design can vary largely among foot experts. To investigate the variety of insole designs used in daily practice, the insole design and its effect on plantar pressure distribution were investigated in a large group of patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS(More)
In contrast to western countries, foot complaints are rare in Africa. This is remarkable, as many African adults walk many hours each day, often barefoot or with worn-out shoes. The reason why Africans can withstand such loading without developing foot complaints might be related to the way the foot is loaded. Therefore, static foot geometry and dynamic(More)
Locomotor malfunction represents a major problem in some neurological disorders like stroke and spinal cord injury. Robot-assisted walking devices have been used during rehabilitation of patients with these ailments for regaining and improving walking ability. Previous studies showed the advantage of brain-computer interface (BCI) based robot-assisted(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate whether spinal cord stimulation (SCS) has a negative effect on static balance and gait, which is implicated by the increased incidence of falls leading to frequently occurring lead migrations. MATERIALS AND METHODS A controlled trial is performed with 11 subjects (four female, seven male) with a mean age of 46 years old. A(More)
OBJECTIVES To measure the variation in activity parameters in patients with stroke over several days, and to assess whether patients with chronic stroke differ from each other in their achievement of ambulatory activity level. DESIGN Descriptive study. METHODS A total of 14 patients with chronic stroke wore 2 tri-axial accelerometers in their pockets(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE In the present study a classification system for the rheumatoid forefoot is reported with its intra- and interobserver reliability and clinical relevance. The classification is based on the sequence of anatomical changes resulting from the loss of integrity of the MTP joints, loss of motion and changes regarding the quality and(More)