Noël L. W. Keijsers

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Indirect evidence suggests that patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) have deficits not only in motor performance, but also in the processing of sensory information. We investigated the role of sensory information processing in PD patients with a broad range of disease severities and in a group of age-matched controls. Subjects were tested in two(More)
We developed an objective and automatic procedure to assess the severity of levodopa-induced dyskinesia (LID) in patients with Parkinson's disease during daily life activities. Thirteen patients were continuously monitored in a home-like situation for a period of approximately 2.5 hours. During this time period, the patients performed approximately 35(More)
Plantar pressure measurement provides important information about the structure and function of the foot and is a helpful tool to evaluate patients with foot complaints. In general, average and maximum plantar pressure of 6-11 areas under the foot are used to compare groups of subjects. However, masking the foot means a loss of important information about(More)
The poor spatial resolution of near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) makes it difficult to distinguish two closely located cortical areas from each other. Here, a combination of multi-channel NIRS and a centre of gravity (CoG) approach (widely accepted in the field of transcranial magnetic stimulation; TMS) was used to discriminate between closely located(More)
We developed an algorithm that distinguishes between on and off states in patients with Parkinson's disease during daily life activities. Twenty-three patients were monitored continuously in a home-like situation for approximately 3 hours while they carried out normal daily-life activities. Behavior and comments of patients during the experiment were used(More)
The purpose of this study was to assess the accuracy of measuring angle and angular velocity of the upper body and upper leg during rising from a chair with accelerometers, using low-pass filtering of the accelerometer signal. Also, the improvement in accuracy of the measurement with additional use of high-pass filtered gyroscopes was assessed. Two(More)
We examined the role of gaze in a task where subjects had to reproduce the position of a remembered visual target with the tip of the index finger, referred to as pointing. Subjects were tested in 3 visual feedback conditions: complete darkness (dark), complete darkness with visual feedback of the finger position (finger), and with vision of a well-defined(More)
Levodopa-induced dyskinesias (LID) in Parkinson's disease (PD) have remained a clinical challenge. We evaluated the feasibility of neural networks to detect LID and to quantify their severity in 16 patients with PD at rest and during various activities of daily living. The movements of the patients were measured using four pairs of accelerometers mounted on(More)
We have investigated pointing movements toward remembered targets after an intervening self-generated body movement. We tested to what extent visual information about the environment or finger position is used in updating target position relative to the body after a step and whether gaze plays a role in the accuracy of the pointing movement. Subjects were(More)
It is well known that long-term use of levodopa by patients with Parkinson's disease causes dyskinesia. Several methods have been proposed for the automatic, unsupervised detection and classification of levodopa induced dyskinesia. Recently, we have demonstrated that neural networks are highly successful to detect dyskinesia and to distinguish dyskinesia(More)