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Loss of E-cadherin/catenin mediated cell-cell adhesion and overexpression of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are largely involved in tumor invasion. It has been recently shown that high levels of a soluble 80 kDa fragment of E-cadherin, resulting from a cleavage by MMPs, are found in serum and in urine from cancer patients. Additionally, this soluble(More)
The disorganization of E-cadherin/catenin complexes and the overexpression of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are frequently involved in the capacity of epithelial cells to acquire an invasive phenotype. The functional link between E-cadherin and MMPs was studied by transfecting invasive bronchial BZR tumor cells with human E-cadherin cDNA. Using different(More)
INTRODUCTION We sought to report the usefulness of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) in heart transplant patients. PATIENTS Between March 2002 and August 2004, 14 heart transplant patients (11 men and three women, 36 +/- 15 years old, range = 12 to 50) with primary graft failure underwent peripheral ECMO implantation. Three patients had pulmonary(More)
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is caused by mutations in the gene coding for the CF transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR). From human normal tracheal submucosal gland cells in culture, we identified endogenous CFTR as a 170 kDa protein, consistent with that of fully glycosylated, mature CFTR molecule. This observation led to the hypothesis that airway secretory(More)
This study was designed to investigate the molecular mechanisms of Staphylococcus aureus adherence to human airway epithelium. Using a humanized bronchial xenograft model in the nude mouse and primary cultures of human airway epithelial cells (HAEC), we showed that S. aureus adhered mainly to undifferentiated HAEC whereas weak adherence (11- to 20-fold(More)
The present review tries to identify some trends among the multitude of ways followed by image processing developments in the field of microscopy. Nine topics were selected. They cover the fields of: signal processing, statistical analysis, artificial intelligence, three-dimensional microscopy, multidimensional microscopy, multimodality microscopy, theory,(More)
Fluorescence videomicroscopy allows the temporal behavior of biological specimens to be studied at the cellular level. We describe two types of methods that can be used for extracting quantitative information from image sequences: the modeling approach, which is mainly local, and multivariate statistical analysis, which provides a global approach. The(More)