Noël Bonnet

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OBJECTIVES Increased afterload and multilevel LV obstruction is constant. We assumed that restoration of normal loading conditions by relief of LV obstructions promotes its growth, provided that part of the cardiac output was preoperatively supported by the LV, whatever the echocardiographic indexes. BACKGROUND Whether to perform uni- or biventricular(More)
The present review tries to identify some trends among the multitude of ways followed by image processing developments in the field of microscopy. Nine topics were selected. They cover the fields of: signal processing, statistical analysis, artificial intelligence, three-dimensional microscopy, multidimensional microscopy, multimodality microscopy, theory,(More)
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is caused by mutations in the gene coding for the CF transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR). From human normal tracheal submucosal gland cells in culture, we identified endogenous CFTR as a 170 kDa protein, consistent with that of fully glycosylated, mature CFTR molecule. This observation led to the hypothesis that airway secretory(More)
The quantitation of electron dense labelling is very tedious when it is done “by hand”. Accordingly we developed software allowing, at electron microscopic level, a semi-automatic counting of dense markers in biological specimens. It includes the digitization of images and extraction of dense particles from the grey level of the background. The definition(More)
The disorganization of E-cadherin/catenin complexes and the overexpression of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are frequently involved in the capacity of epithelial cells to acquire an invasive phenotype. The functional link between E-cadherin and MMPs was studied by transfecting invasive bronchial BZR tumor cells with human E-cadherin cDNA. Using different(More)
Loss of E-cadherin/catenin mediated cell-cell adhesion and overexpression of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are largely involved in tumor invasion. It has been recently shown that high levels of a soluble 80 kDa fragment of E-cadherin, resulting from a cleavage by MMPs, are found in serum and in urine from cancer patients. Additionally, this soluble(More)
Staphylococcus aureus is a major cause of pulmonary infection, particularly in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients. However, few aspects of the interplay between S. aureus and host airway epithelial cells have been investigated thus far. We investigated by videomicroscopy the time- and bacterial concentration-dependent (10(4), 10(6), and 10(8) CFU/ml) effect of(More)
Tumor progression requires the dispersion of epithelial cells from neoplastic clusters and cell invasion of adjacent stromal connective tissue. Aiming at demonstrating the precise relationships between cell dispersion and cell invasion, related respectively to expression of E-cadherin/catenin complex and matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), we developed an(More)
OBJECTIVE Atrio ventricular septal defects (AVSD) with normal caryotype represent in average 25% of AVSD. They constitute a more complex group of patients characterized by frequent left sided heart obstructive lesions, raising the problem of the appropriate indications between biventricular and univentricular procedures. METHODS Sixty-nine consecutive(More)
BACKGROUND At our institution, the total artificial heart (TAH) Jarvik-7 (CardioWest) has been used since 1986 as a bridge to transplantation for the most severely ill patients with terminal congestive heart failure. METHODS Between 1986 and 2001, 127 patients (108 males, mean age 38 +/- 13) were bridged to transplantation with the Jarvik-7 TAH. All were(More)