Njara Rakotomanomana

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In this study, extraction of essential oil, polyphenols and pectin from orange peel has been optimized using microwave and ultrasound technology without adding any solvent but only "in situ" water which was recycled and used as solvent. The essential oil extraction performed by Microwave Hydrodiffusion and Gravity (MHG) was optimized and compared to steam(More)
Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress is important for atherosclerosis development and is mediated by the unfolded protein response (UPR). In this work, we synthesized two among the most physiologically-prominent hydroxytyrosol HT hepatic metabolites, i.e. 3-O-HT glucuronide and 4-O-HT glucuronide and we tested their activities on ER stress (in human(More)
Flavanones are found specifically and abundantly in citrus fruits. Their beneficial effect on vascular function is well documented. However, little is known about their cellular and molecular mechanisms of action in vascular cells. The goal of the present study was to identify the impact of flavanone metabolites on endothelial cells and decipher the(More)
This work describes the chemical synthesis of O-aryl-beta-D-glucosides and 1-O-beta-D-glucosyl esters of hydroxycinnamic acids. In particular, O-aryl-beta-D-glucosides were efficiently prepared via a simple diastereoselective glycosylation procedure using phase transfer conditions. Despite the lability of its ester linkage, 1-O-beta-D-caffeoylglucose could(More)
Flavanone glucuronides are the major phenolic metabolites detected in human plasma after consumption of citrus fruits. As such, they might display significant cardioprotective effects. In this work, glucuronides of naringenin (4'- and 7-O-beta-d-glucuronides) and hesperetin (3'- and 7-O-beta-d-glucuronides), the major flavanone aglycones in grapefruit and(More)
Hydroxycinnamic acids (HCAs) are among the most abundant dietary polyphenols. Recent bioavailability studies have shown that HCAs enter the blood circulation mainly as glucuronides, which are thus most likely to express their potential health effects. In this work, an efficient synthesis of HCA O-arylglucuronides is developed. As for many xenobiotics, the(More)
The antioxidant activity of dietary phenols in humans (direct reduction of radicals and other highly oxidizing species) could be largely restricted to fighting postprandial oxidative stress in the gastric compartment. Hence, the development of chemical tests simply modelling this situation is pertinent. In this work, the antioxidant properties of the olive(More)
Naringenin and hesperetin glycosides are the major polyphenols (flavanones) of citrus fruits and juices and are thought to participate in the cardioprotective effects of diets rich in plant products. Naringenin and hesperetin glucuronides (resulting from conjugation at the A- or B-ring) are the main circulating metabolites in humans and their binding to(More)
In this study, extraction of soluble proteins from rapeseed cake using different conventional and innovative extraction processes in order to maximize the extraction yield has been investigated. Firstly, various extraction techniques including ultrasound, microwave, and percolation were tested to increase the protein recovery efficiency. Secondly, response(More)
Solvent-free microwave extraction (SFME) and conventional hydro-distillation (HD) were used for the extraction of essential oils (EOs) from Egyptian sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) leaves. The two resulting EOs were compared with regards to their chemical composition, antioxidant, and antimicrobial activities. The EO analyzed by GC and GC-MS, presented 65(More)
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