Nivedita Mondal

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BACKGROUND Although the term acute renal failure was replaced by acute kidney injury (AKI) recently, there is a paucity of data on the incidence and profile of AKI in critically ill children from the developing world. OBJECTIVES The objective of this study is to determine the incidence, etiology, short term outcome and predictors of fatality in critically(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the incidence, etiology, short term outcome and predictors of mortality in hospitalized children aged 1 mo to 13 y with Acute Kidney Injury (AKI). METHODS This prospective observational study was conducted in the pediatric wards and the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) of a tertiary hospital in southern India, to study the(More)
The emergence of ciprofloxacin resistance in Shigella has shifted the attention to cephalosporins. The first occurrence of third generation cephalosporin-resistant Shigella flexneri was from France. This article reports the first case of cephalosporin-resistant S. flexneri from India. A 12-month-old child was admitted for a 20-day episode of loose stools,(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the serum levels of oxidative stress markers - malondialdehyde (MDA) and protein carbonyl in babies with perinatal asphyxia and to correlate their levels with the outcome in terms of mortality and neurodevelopmental sequelae. METHODS A group of 40 term AGA (appropriate for gestational age) infants with perinatal asphyxia were selected(More)
The authors report case of a two and half years old female child presented with fever for one month with hepatosplenomegaly. Though the child had been symptomatic for a prolonged period, she did not appear very unwell at presentation. However, after admission there was sudden rapid deterioration of her clinical status. Investigations revealed(More)
BACKGROUND Perinatal asphyxia (PA) associated with multi-organ damage is a leading cause of neonatal mortality and morbidity. We evaluated if urinary malondialdehyde:creatinine (UMDA:Cr), uric acid:creatinine (UUA:Cr) and protein:creatinine (UP:Cr) vary with the severity of PA and if these parameters can predict the impending death in PA. METHODS Study(More)
A 10-year-old boy presented with fever, stiff neck, and rash over the legs. During the course of his hospital stay, the clinical picture gradually evolved, and he met the criteria for Kawasaki disease (KD) on the seventh day of hospitalization. During this period, he also developed alopecia areata. He was managed with intravenous immunoglobulin, aspirin,(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the frequency of medication errors by caregivers at home in neonates discharged from the neonatal intensive care unit and to identify the associated risk factors. METHODS A descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted in the High Risk Newborn Follow-up Clinic of our institute, on a sample of 166 children, <3 months old. The(More)
Neurological manifestations of wasp sting are rare and the etiopathogenesis is not completely understood. We report a 2-year-old girl who developed bilateral ptosis after multiple wasp stings, which responded partially to pyridostigmine. This is the first reported case of wasp venom-induced ptosis in a child. We discuss the possible pathogenetic mechanisms(More)