Nivedita Jena

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The multifunctional HIV-1 enzyme integrase interacts with viral DNA and its key cellular cofactor LEDGF to effectively integrate the reverse transcript into a host cell chromosome. These interactions are crucial for HIV-1 replication and present attractive targets for antiviral therapy. Recently, 2-(quinolin-3-yl) acetic acid derivatives were reported to(More)
Biophysical studies have shown that each molecule of calsequestrin 1 (CASQ1) can bind about 70-80 Ca(2+) ions. However, the nature of Ca(2+)-binding sites has not yet been fully characterized. In this study, we employed in silico approaches to identify the Ca(2+) binding sites and to understand the molecular basis of CASQ1-Ca(2+) recognition. We built the(More)
Calsequestrin undergoes dynamic polymerization with increasing calcium concentration by front-to-front dimerization and back-to-back packing, forming wire-shaped structures. A recent finding that point mutation R33Q leads to lethal catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (CPVT) implies a crucial role for the N terminus. In this study, we(More)
Allosteric HIV-1 integrase (IN) inhibitors (ALLINIs) are a very promising new class of anti-HIV-1 agents that exhibit a multimodal mechanism of action by allosterically modulating IN multimerization and interfering with IN-lens epithelium-derived growth factor (LEDGF)/p75 binding. Selection of viral strains under ALLINI pressure has revealed an A128T(More)
The quinoline-based allosteric HIV-1 integrase (IN) inhibitors (ALLINIs) are promising candidates for clinically useful antiviral agents. Studies using these compounds have highlighted the role of IN in both early and late stages of virus replication. However, dissecting the exact mechanism of action of the quinoline-based ALLINIs has been complicated by(More)
Eight new compounds, including two cyclopenta[b]benzopyran derivatives (1, 2), two cyclopenta[b]benzofuran derivatives (3, 4), three cycloartane triterpenoids (5-7), and an apocarotenoid (8), together with 16 known compounds, were isolated from the chloroform-soluble partitions of separate methanol extracts of a combination of the fruits, leaves, and twigs(More)
Allosteric HIV-1 integrase (IN) inhibitors (ALLINIs) are an important new class of anti-HIV-1 agents. ALLINIs bind at the IN catalytic core domain (CCD) dimer interface occupying the principal binding pocket of its cellular cofactor LEDGF/p75. Consequently, ALLINIs inhibit HIV-1 IN interaction with LEDGF/p75 as well as promote aberrant IN multimerization.(More)
CASQ (calsequestrin) is a Ca2+-buffering protein localized in the muscle SR (sarcoplasmic reticulum); however, it is unknown whether Ca2+ binding to CASQ2 is due to its location inside the SR rich in Ca2+ or due to its preference for Ca2+ over other ions. Therefore a major aim of the present study was to determine how CASQ2 selects Ca2+ over other metal(More)
Calsequestrin (CASQ) exists as two distinct isoforms CASQ1 and CASQ2 in all vertebrates. Although the isoforms exhibit unique functional characteristic, the structural basis for the same is yet to be fully defined. Interestingly, the C-terminal region of the two isoforms exhibit significant differences both in length and amino acid composition; forming(More)
A simple and rapid reversed-phase liquid chromatography (LC) method with photodiode array (PDA) and electrospray ionization (ESI)-mass spectrometry (MS) as detectors was developed and validated to separate, identify, and quantitate the related substances of Doxazosin mesylate (DXZN) for monitoring the reactions involved during process development. The(More)