Niva Jaccard

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Administration of GnRH agonist analogs to women may result in a hypoestrogenic state and bone mass reduction. In the present study we examined bone mineral density (BMD) and parameters of mineral metabolism in elderly men with benign prostatic hyperplasia before and during a hypoandrogenic state induced by the long-acting GnRH agonist D-Trp6-LHRH(More)
BACKGROUND 1,25(OH)2 vitamin D3 exerts multiple effects in human vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). We therefore tested the possibility that VSMCs possess an endogenous 25-hydroxyvitamin D3-1alpha-hydroxylase system, the final enzyme in the biosynthetic pathway of 1,25(OH)2D3. METHODS AND RESULTS We assessed the expression and activity of(More)
Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25-OHD) levels were measured in 338 elderly patients admitted to the Geriatric Medicine Departments of a general hospital in Israel in the course of one year. The mean (+/- SD) serum 25-OHD levels were significantly lower (P less than .01) in the elderly patients (13.5 +/- 8.9 ng/mL) than in healthy young controls (24.7 +/- 6.1(More)
OBJECTIVE Since it is not clear whether testosterone or dihydrotestosterone is the active hormone in bone metabolism, we wished to assess the effect of finasteride, a 5 alpha-reductase inhibitor, or vertebral bone mineral density and parameters of bone and mineral metabolism. DESIGN Patients were treated in a randomized, double-blind controlled study with(More)
Vitamin D-dependent rickets type II (VDDR-II; hereditary resistance to 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [1,25(OH)2D3]), an autosomal recessive genetic disease that results from a failure to respond to 1,25-(OH)2D3, is characterized by severe rickets, hypocalcemia, growth retardation, and high prevalence of alopecia. We used amniotic fluid cells in the 17th week of(More)
Parathyroid hormone-related (PTHrP), the major mediator of humoral hypercalcemia of malignancy, may also regulate placental calcium flux, uterine contraction and fetal tissue development. In the present study, we demonstrated that the mean immunoreactive PTHrP concentrations in amniotic fluid at mid-gestation (21.2 +/- 3.7 pmol/l) and at term (19.0 +/- 2.7(More)
Human osteoblasts (hOB) produce and respond to 1,25(OH)(2)D(3) (1,25D), suggesting an autocrine/paracrine system. We therefore examined hormonal modulation of the expression and activity of 25 hydroxy-vitamin D(3)-1alpha hydroxylase (1-Ohase) in hOB. Cells from pre- and post-menopausal women or men, were treated with estrogenic compounds and 1-OHase(More)
Previous studies indicated that the anti-idiotypic antibody (clone 1D5) caused an increase in uterine creatine kinase (CK) activity when administered in vivo to immature female rats, indicating that the antibody has oestrogenic-like activity. It was, therefore, of interest to investigate the structural requirements of clone 1D5 to act as an oestrogen(More)
We have demonstrated previously that 17 beta-estradiol (E2) stimulates cell proliferation in skeletal tissues, as measured by increased DNA synthesis and creatine kinase (CK) specific activity, and that calciotrophic hormones modulate E2 activity in rat osteoblastic sarcoma cells (ROS 17/2.8). Moreover, E2 failed to stimulate DNA synthesis in vitamin(More)
Cultured female-derived human bone cells (hObs) responded by different parameters to different phytoestrogenic and vitamin D compounds. Pre- and post-menopausal hObs express ERα and ERβ mRNA with higher abundance of ERα. Pre-treatment with the less-calcemic vitamin D analog JKF 1624F(2)-2 (JKF) upregulated responsiveness to estrogens via modulation of ERs(More)
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