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Sixty pregnancies in 31 ulcerative colitis patients were studied retrospectively. Twelve patients (20 per cent) improved, 11 (18.3 per cent) deteriorated, while in 37 (61.6 per cent) there was no change during pregnancy. Seven pregnancies (13.7 per cent) ended by spontaneous and two by artificial abortions. There were 50 full-term deliveries and one(More)
A 19-month-old girl with developmental delay was found to have moderately elevated plasma citrulline and mildly elevated plasma arginine concentrations. Dietary history revealed that she consumed large quantities of watermelon (Citrullus vulgaris), a fruit containing high free citrulline and arginine concentrations. In order to determine whether the(More)
In a retrospective evaluation of 1244 consecutive barium enemas performed at two hospitals over a five-year period (1979 to 1984), colonic diverticula were found in 177 (14.2 percent). The prevalence among the Ashkenazi Jews was 19.7 percent, among the Sephardi and Oriental Jews, 16 percent, and among the Arabs, 9.5 percent. Comparing these figures with the(More)
Because Helicobacter pylori is an acid-sensitive organism, an elevation of the gastric pH by H2 inhibitors might improve the intragastric conditions for the development of this organism. We tested this hypothesis in a prospective and controlled trial including 43 patients positive for H. pylori using the rapid urease test. Twenty-six patients received 150(More)
In Nazi-occupied Europe (1939-1945), Jews were submitted to extreme mental and physical hardships (the Holocaust). This study was designed to investigate the impact of the severe protracted suffering on the development of chronic functional gastrointestinal symptoms. Thus, we studied 623 consecutive patients of Eastern European origin who had been admitted(More)
We interviewed 1,900 healthy subjects who belonged to one of the three following ethnic groups: (a) Ashkenazi Jews, (b) Sephardi and Oriental Jews, and (c) Arabs (including Druses)--about their bowel habits, laxative use, and beliefs about bowel action. Using stepwise logistic regression, we found that the following variables were significantly and(More)
The object of this study was to investigate the assumption that a detailed explanation and description of gastroscopy to a patient reduces his fears of the procedure. In order to check this assumption, 243 consecutive patients who underwent elective gastroscopy were randomly distributed to 4 groups: Group A received a standard brief description of upper G-I(More)
We describe 13 patients who developed erosive gastritis with overt gastrointestinal bleeding while receiving 75-250 mg nonbuffered aspirin per day for the secondary prevention of cardiac or cerebrovascular events. The bleeding occurred despite good initial tolerance to aspirin for several months or years. All patients were elderly and had severe(More)