Nitza G. Shoham

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OBJECTIVE Neonatal-onset multisystem inflammatory disease (NOMID; also known as chronic infantile neurologic, cutaneous, articular [CINCA] syndrome) is characterized by fever, chronic meningitis, uveitis, sensorineural hearing loss, urticarial skin rash, and a characteristic deforming arthropathy. We investigated whether patients with this disorder have(More)
A previously unrecognized nonmuscle myosin II heavy chain (NMHC II), which constitutes a distinct branch of the nonmuscle/smooth muscle myosin II family, has recently been revealed in genome data bases. We characterized the biochemical properties and expression patterns of this myosin. Using nucleotide probes and affinity-purified antibodies, we found that(More)
The Infevers database (http://fmf.igh.cnrs.fr/infevers/) was established in 2002 to provide investigators with access to a central source of information about all sequence variants associated with periodic fevers: Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF), TNF Receptor Associated Periodic Syndrome (TRAPS), Hyper IgD Syndrome (HIDS), Familial Cold Autoinflammatory(More)
Pyrin, the familial Mediterranean fever protein, is found in association with the cytoskeleton in myeloid/monocytic cells and modulates IL-1beta processing, NF-kappaB activation, and apoptosis. These effects are mediated in part through cognate interactions with the adaptor protein ASC, which shares an N-terminal motif with pyrin. We sought additional(More)
Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is an autoinflammatory disease caused by mutations in MEFV, which encodes a 781-amino acid protein denoted pyrin. We have previously shown that pyrin regulates caspase-1 activation and IL-1beta production through interaction of its N-terminal PYD motif with the ASC adapter protein, and also modulates IL-1beta production by(More)
The authors review the genes, and their respective proteins, responsible for eight autoinflammatory conditions. Familial Mediterranean fever is caused by mutations in pyrin, which is the prototype of a new family of proteins belonging to the death-domain superfamily. This new group of proteins, which regulate apoptosis, inflammation, and cytokine(More)
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BACKGROUND Mast cells have recently been shown to control neutrophil recruitment during T-cell mediated cutaneous DTH reaction in vivo through TNF-alpha and MIP-2, the functional murine analogue of human IL-8. Although the nature of signals transmitted from T cells which activate mast cells has not yet been defined, we hypothesized that a direct cross-talk(More)
BACKGROUND We have recently demonstrated that mast cells can be activated by heterotypic adhesion to activated T cells. OBJECTIVE We sought to perform gene expression profiling on human mast cells activated by either IgE cross-linking or by T cells and to characterize one of the cytokines, oncostatin M (OSM). METHODS Gene expression profiling was done(More)
A 16-year-old male suffering from Ewing's sarcoma of the pelvis was treated with vincristine as part of his chemotherapeutic protocol. The boy was never known to suffer from any neurological problems. His father had a mild limp, attributed to prolonged "taxi driving," that was never investigated medically. The first course of treatment, which included 2 mg(More)
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