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Anticoccidial efficacy of "Coxynil" a polyherbal preparation was tested against Eimeria tenella in broilers. Body weight of birds challenged with E. tenella in Coxynil treated groups was higher as compared to Coxynil untreated. Oocyst out put, lesion score, HI titres against New Castle disease virus were significantly higher in Coxynil supplemented groups(More)
Biofilm production by Staphylococcus aureus, an important virulence factor was investigated employing phenotypic and genotypic methods. A total of 102 S. aureus isolates from bovine subclinical mastitis cases were included in the study. Maximum number of biofilm producing strains were detected by Congo red agar (CRA) method (48.03%) followed by tube method(More)
Numerous studies have demonstrated that targeting Ag to Fc receptors (FcR) on APCs can enhance humoral and cellular immunity. However, studies are lacking that examine both the use of FcR-targeting in generating immune protection against infectious agents and the use of FcRs in the induction of mucosal immunity. Francisella tularensis is a category A(More)
Newcastle disease virus (NDV) is the causative agent of Newcastle disease (ND) in many avian species. ND is a serious problem in developing countries, causing huge loss in the poultry industry. Although there are reports of continuous outbreaks of ND leading to serious losses to the poultry farming, very less is known about the genetic characteristics of(More)
Effect of Toxiroak polyherbal feed supplement during induced aflatoxicosis, ochratoxicosis and combined mycotoxicoses in broilers. ABSTRAcT An experiment was conducted to study the protective role of polyherbal feed supplement (Toxiroak ®) during induced mycotoxicosis in broilers. A total of 240 Vencobb one-day-old broilers were divided into eight equal(More)
The present study was carried out to genotypically characterize Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) isolated from bovine mastitis cases. A total of 37 strains of S. aureus were isolated during processing of 552 milk samples from 140 cows. The S. aureus strains were characterized phenotypically, and were further characterized genotypically by polymerase chain(More)
Biofilm formation in Staphylococcus aureus is considered an important virulence factor in bovine mastitis. Intercellular adhesion gene A (icaA) is a significant genetic determinant that contributes in biofilm formation. The aim of the present study was to determine the presence of the icaA gene in S. aureus isolated from bovine mastitis from seven states of(More)
A total of 200 samples (muscles and viscera, 100 of each) of fresh water fish, walking catfish (Clarias batrachus) were screened for Listeria spp. All the samples were subjected to a two-step enrichment followed by plating on selective media. Confirmation of the isolates was on the basis of biochemical characters, haemolysis on blood agar and Christie,(More)
Listeria monocytogenes is a foodborne pathogen that causes a wide spectrum of diseases in humans and animals. Enzyme linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA) [indirect and avidin-biotin (A-B)] for detecting L. monocytogenes antibodies in bovine milk samples (n = 2060) were standardized and evaluated by comparison with bacteriological examination. The tests were(More)