Nitin Chattopadhyay

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Gold nanoparticle (AuNP) radiosensitization represents a novel approach to enhance the effectiveness of ionizing radiation. Its efficiency varies widely with photon source energy and AuNP size, concentration, and intracellular localization. In this Monte Carlo study we explored the effects of those parameters to define the optimal clinical use of AuNPs.(More)
Absorption, steady-state fluorescence, steady-state fluorescence anisotropy, and intrinsic and induced circular dichroism (CD) have been exploited to explore the binding of calf thymus DNA (ctDNA) with three cationic phenazinium dyes, viz., phenosafranin (PSF), safranin-T (ST), and safranin-O (SO). The absorption and fluorescence spectra of all the three(More)
Interaction of 3-acetyl-4-oxo-6,7-dihydro-12H indolo-[2,3-a] quinolizine (AODIQ), a biologically active molecule, with model transport proteins, bovine serum albumin (BSA) and human serum albumin (HSA) have been studied using steady state and picosecond time-resolved fluorescence and fluorescence anisotropy. The polarity dependent intramolecular charge(More)
Radiosensitization using gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) has been shown to vary widely with cell line, irradiation energy, AuNP size, concentration and intracellular localization. We developed a Monte Carlo-based AuNP radiosensitization predictive model (ARP), which takes into account the detailed energy deposition at the nano-scale. This model was compared to(More)
Steady state and time resolved fluorometric and circular dichroism (CD) techniques have been exploited to explore the binding interaction of a ketocyanine dye, namely, 2-[3-(N-methyl-N-phenylamino)-2-propenylidene] indanone (MPAPI) with transport proteins, bovine serum albumin (BSA) and human serum albumin (HSA). The emission spectrum of buffered solution(More)
The interaction between a bioactive molecule, 3-acetyl-4-oxo-6,7-dihydro-12H indolo-[2,3-a] quinolizine (AODIQ), with human serum albumin (HSA) has been studied using steady-state absorption and fluorescence techniques. A 1 : 1 complex formation has been established and the binding constant (K) and free energy change for the process have been reported. The(More)
A photophysical study on the binding interaction of an efficient cancer cell photosensitizer, norharmane (NHM), with model transport proteins, bovine serum albumin (BSA) and human serum albumin (HSA), has been performed using a combination of steady-state and time-resolved fluorescence techniques. The emission profile undergoes a remarkable change upon(More)
A photophysical study of norharmane (NHM), an efficient cancer cell photosensitizer, has been undertaken in well-characterized biomimetic micellar nanocavities formed by anionic surfactants of varying chain length, namely, sodium decyl sulfate (S10S), sodium dodecyl sulfate (S12S), and sodium tetradecyl sulfate (S14S), using steady-state and time-resolved(More)
Binding interaction of 3-hydroxyflavone (3HF), a bioactive flavonoid, with calf-thymus DNA (ctDNA) has been explored exploiting various experimental techniques. The dual fluorescence of 3HF resulting from the excited state intramolecular proton transfer (ESIPT) is modified remarkably upon binding with the biomacromolecule. The determined binding constant,(More)
Tuning of the sensory capability of a potentially bioactive indoloquinolizine system, namely, 3-acetyl-4-oxo-6,7-dihydro-12H-indolo-[2,3-a]-quinolizine (AODIQ), is described in a biomimicking micellar nanocage. It has been shown that surfactant concentration dictates the sensing behavior of the fluorophore toward physiologically essential trace metals, such(More)